A Research on Clustering Based Optimized Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Network
D Laxma Reddy1, Puttamadappa C2, H. N. Suresh3

1D Laxma Reddy, Research Scholar, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Dayananda Sagar University, Bangalore (Karnataka), India.
2Puttamadappa C, Professor, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Dayananda Sagar University, Bangalore (Karnataka), India.
3H. N. Suresh, Professor, Department of Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Bangalore Institute of Technology, Bangalore (Karnataka), India.
Manuscript received on 22 July 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 03 August 2019 | Manuscript Published on 10 August 2019 | PP: 1072-1077 | Volume-8 Issue-2S3 July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B12010782S319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1201.0782S319
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Routing in wireless sensor network environment plays a critical role where it might be affected by various factors which would lead to data transmission failure/corruption. Energy is the most concerned factor which affects the routing task mostly due to their limited availability. Thus routers require most efficient routing protocol which can perform data communication with less energy consumption. This routing protocol should be capable of adapting critical conditions happening on routers. Another problem that is mostly found on routing task is security. The security issues created by the hackers would corrupt/steal the data when it is being transmitted to the destination nodes. The routing protocol should also capable of tolerating the security issues and needs to ensure the successful data transmission. In this analysis work, various hierarchical clustering algorithms that are proposed for grouping the wireless sensor nodes those is present in the environment is discussed. The clustering that can be applied on both heterogeneous and homogeneous wireless network environment is discussed. The operation and functionality of each clustering algorithms are given in depth to understand the routing skill of each nodes. The merits and demerits that are present in the every clustering algorithm are presented to find the better clustering approach. The experimental analysis of every algorithm are done and compared in terms of various performance measures to find the better clustering approach that can be utilized for further scenario.
Keywords: Sensor Nodes, Clustering, Energy, Hierarchical Manner, Homogeneous, Heterogeneous.
Scope of the Article: Wireless ad hoc & Sensor Networks