Wind and Solar Energy Resources Potential across Coastal Mega Cities, of Pakistan
Sabir Ali Kalhoro1, Muhammad Shahid2, Syed M. Usman Ali3, Engr. Tufail Ahmed4, Darakhshan Ara5
1Sabir Ali Kalhoro, Department of Electronics Engineering, NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi Pakistan.
2Muhammad Shahid, Dawood University of Engineering & Technology, Karachi, Pakistan.
3Syed M. Usman Ali, Department of Electronics Engineering, NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi Pakistan.
4Engr. Tufail Ahmed, Department of Electronics Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro Pakistan.
5Darakhshan Ara, Dawood University of Engineering & Technology, Karachi Pakistan.
Manuscript received on 25 August 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 11 September 2019 | Manuscript Published on 17 September 2019 | PP: 1895-1902 | Volume-8 Issue-2S8 August 2019 | Retrieval Number: B11960882S819/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1196.0882S819
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Pakistan has the vast potential of renewable energy (RE) resources but still, rely on the pricy fossil fuel-based power generation. The developed nation work on the shifting of conventional resources based generation into renewable energy-based generation, but Pakistan still engages to negotiate fossil fuel trade. However, Pakistan has 1100Km of the coastal belt that acquires the huge potential of RE. The different metrological department measure the RE exists in Pakistan, the World Bank Group is one of them. The World Bank group observe the solar and wind potential across the megacity of Pakistan including Karachi. In this research, we have explored the World Bank efforts by highlighting the availability of the solar and wind power across coastal megacity, of Pakistan. The main focus is on the estimates of global horizontal irradiation (GHI) parameter of solar and wind speed for wind resources along with the yearly values provided by the World Bank. The wind power depend on wind speed across so, in this research, the wind speed is observed across the coastal megacity of Pakistan for the wind turbine installation. The wind speed data is occupied from the World Bank site to explore wind model for the future power supply across Karachi of Pakistan. Similarly, the solar irradiation calculation is very much important to install solar models. So we have select the GHI for the solar observation across Karachi of Pakistan. The GHI data is taken from the World Bank site and exploring on excel to find the future power generation across coastal megacity of Pakistan. Both wind speed and GHI parameter are observed by a yearly basis. It is detected that the regular trend for each of the selected years is related to the next year so the perceived trend of GHI and wind speed is valid for the upcoming year. Hence the GHI and wind speed availability indicate the installation of solar penal and wind turbine for the power generation across the coastal megacity of Pakistan. The GHI and wind speed experimental data for the coastal megacity contain a huge amount of solar and wind potential. The planner needs to explore this energy by installing a suitable quantity of the solar plant and windmills for power generation.
Keywords: GHI; Wind Speed; Renewable Energy; World Bank.
Scope of the Article: Economics of Energy Harvesting Communications