Underground Cities : Sustainable Urbanism of the Future
Reshmi Manikoth Kollarath1, Shanu Raina2, Bhagyalaxmi Madapur3

1Reshmi Manikoth Kollarath, BMS College of Architecture, Bangalore (Karnataka), India.
2Shanu Raina, BMS College of Architecture, Bangalore (Karnataka), India.
3Bhagyalaxmi Madapur, BMS College of Architecture, Bangalore (Karnataka), India.
Manuscript received on 23 August 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 11 September 2019 | Manuscript Published on 17 September 2019 | PP: 1754-1757 | Volume-8 Issue-2S8 August 2019 | Retrieval Number: B11470882S819/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1147.0882S819
Open Access | Editorial and Publishing Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Cities across the world are the main contributors to climate change but at the same time they are also the most vulnerable to its consequences. Some of the disastrous impacts of climate change include extreme weather events, periods of extreme heat and cold, high precipitation, floods, strong cyclones and storms. There is a need for urban design guidelines to effectively address the issues of climate chanbe and increase the resilience of cities. One way to adapt to this is through engineered infrastructure. Today nearly 70% of the world live in urban areas and in the next 20 years two billion more people are expected to move to the cities. With increasing urban densification land and buildable areas are going to become increasingly scarce. One possible solution is to build downwards instead of upwards. Underground areas are less susceptible to external influences and have the ability to better withstand natural catastrophes and hence can be sustainable solution for an unpredictable future. This paper will analyze the viability of underground cities through examples from history and existing case studies along with new upcoming proposals and probe how using underground spaces can increase the resilience of future cities.
Keywords: Climate Change, Urban Underground Spaces, Underground Cities, Sustainability, Urban Resilience.
Scope of the Article: Sustainable Structures