Exploring the Psychometric Properties of Mandarin-Translated Zuckerman Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire among Chinese High School Students in Malaysia
Lee Enn Hooi1, Mohammad Rahim Kamaluddin2, Norruzeyati Che Mohd Nasir3, Hilwa Abdullah @ Mohd Nor4, Noremy Md Akhir5, Tengku Elmi Azlina binti Tengku Muda6
1Miss Lee Enn Hooi, Psychology Graduate, National University of Malaysia.
2Dr. Mohammad Rahim Kamaluddin, Senior Lecturer and Criminologist, Human and Societal Well-Being Centre, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM).
3Dr. Norruzeyati Che Mohd Nasir, Senior Lecturer and Correctional Science Expert, School of Applied Psychology, Social Work and Policy, Universiti Utara Malaysia.
4Dr. Hilwa Abdullah @ Mohd. Nor, Lecturer and Clinical Psychologist, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, UKM.
5Dr. Noremy Md Akhir, Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, UKM.
6Dr. Tengku Elmi Azlina binti Tengku Muda, Senior Lecturer, Genius@Pintar National Gifted Centre, UKM.
Manuscript received on 21 September 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 06 October 2019 | Manuscript Published on 11 October 2019 | PP: 790-794 | Volume-8 Issue-2S10 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: B11100982S1019/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1110.0982S1019
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The Zuckerman Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ-50-CC) is widely used tool to measure personality traits among the test takers and has been translated in various languages. However, based on the literatures related to personality, it is apparent that there is no Mandarin translated ZKPQ is available to measure personality traits among Chinese population based on the Alternative Five Factor Model. Therefore, the aim of this study is to validate and explore the psychometric properties of the Mandarin-translated version of the Zuckerman Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire. A cross-sectional study was designed involving 250 Malaysian Chinese High school students, aged thirteen to eighteen. Forward-backward translations were performed followed by the factor analysis and reliability testing. The five factors structure was assessed and the factor loadings are similar with the Malay version of ZKPQ. This Mandarin translated ZKPQ comprised of 38 items with the factor loadings ranged from 0.41 to 0.79. The reliability values also showed that Mandarin translated ZKPQ is reliable. As such, the Mandarin translated ZKPQ was found to be valid and reliable to use among Mandarin speaking population for the purpose of personality testing and screening.
Keywords: Mandarin Language, Personality Tool, Psychometric Properties, Reliability, Validation, Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire.
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences