Cross Cultural Adjustment – A Catalyst to Enhance Psychological Well Being and Work Performance of Indian IT Expatriates in USA
Rajeesh Viswanathan1, Moiz Mohammed2, Sarath Lal3, Jahira Parveen4
1Dr. Rajeesh Viswanathan, Assistant Professor, Department of International Business, School of Management, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Dr. Moiz Mohammed, Nawab Shah Alam Khan College of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad (Telangana), India.
3N. Sarath Lal, Department of International Business, School of Management, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry (Tamil Nadu), India.
4Dr. Jahira Parveen, Faculty of Management, SRM Institute of Technology, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 05 July 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 15 August 2019 | Manuscript Published on 27 August 2019 | PP: 533-542 | Volume-8 Issue-2S4 July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B11050782S419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1105.0782S419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Purpose – The present study is an attempt to analyse the impact of cross cultural adjustment on psychological wellbeing and work performance of the Indian IT expatriates working in the United States of America. Design/Methodology/Approach- This study adopts positivist deductive approach it, starts with clear variables which are derived from theory and based on these variables. The data for the study was collected through the structured questionnaire. Design/Methodology/Approach- This study adopts positivist deductive approach it, starts with clear variables which are derived from theory and based on these variables. The data for the study was collected through the structured questionnaire. The sample for the present study was collected from the Indian IT expatriates who are assigned to USA working in the four major IT cluster of USA i.e. California, Washington, New York, & Chicago. A total 634 questionnaires were received indicating a response rate of 52 %. For the current research the questionnaire comprises of 44 items and Likert five poit scale is applied to get the response where formats used for all the measures ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree. SPSS 21 and Microsoft excel are the statistical packages regression is the tools used in the present study Findings- A significant relationship was found between cross cultural work adjustment and expatriate psychological wellbeing and work performance. Cross cultural adjustment of the expatriates both to work and general adjustment play an important role in the work performance of the expatriate. A highly adjusted employee performance is better on work than and highly unadjusted employee. When an expatriate is well adjusted to the general environment, the level of psychological wellbeing will be high Originality/value- This study provides insightful findings in understanding the role of expatriate work and general adjustment in the individual level and work outcomes. This study also shows the importance of the demographic variables with impact expatriate adjustment. In spite of the limitations of the research, the study contributed to the international human resources management by exploring the Indian IT expatriates adaptation process in the western context.
Keywords: Cross Cultural Work Adjustment, Cross Cultural General Adjustment, Psychological Wellbeing and Work Performance.
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences