Torrefaction Treatment on Fuel Properties of Bambusa Vulgaris and Gigantochloa Scorthecinii
R.A. Raja Nazrin1, P.S. H’ng2, K.L. Chin3
1Raja Nazrin Raja Ahmad, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
2Dr. H’ng Paik San, Associate Professor, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP, and Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
3K. L. Chin, Post-Doctoral Researcher, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products, Universiti Putra Malaysia.
Manuscript received on 05 July 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 15 August 2019 | Manuscript Published on 27 August 2019 | PP: 492-494 | Volume-8 Issue-2S4 July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B10960782S419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1096.0782S419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: There is a great potential for bamboo to be applied as a biofuel for the future due to its good fuel properties with low alkali index and fast growth rate. Torrefaction treatment can increase the fuel quality of biomass in terms of the calorific value, energy density and storability. The aim of this research was to explore the effect of torrefaction temperature and reaction time on the fuel properties of B. vulgaris and G. scorthecinii. The bamboos were treated at various torrefaction temperatures (200, 250 and 300˚C) and reaction time (15, 30, 45 mins). In overall, the highest higher heating value was obtained from bamboos torrefied at 300ºC for 45 mins. In general, the temperature used in torrefaction has a relatively stronger effect on the higher heating value while the impact of the residence time was considerably lesser.
Keywords: Bioenergy; Lignocellulosic Biomass; Bamboo; Torrefaction.
Scope of the Article: Properties and Mechanics of Concrete