Effects of Nanoclay on Tensile and Flexural Properties of Pineapple Leaf Fibre Reinforced Phenolic Composite
M. Asim1, M. T. Paridah2, M. Jawaid3, M. Nasir4, R. Siakeng5
1M. Asim, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
2M. T. Paridah, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
3M. Jawaid, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products INTROP, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
4M Nasir, Forest Products Utilization, College of Forestry, Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda, India.
5R Siakeng, Graduate, School of Engineering TGGS, King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok, Bangsue, Bangkok, Thailand.
Manuscript received on 05 July 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 15 August 2019 | Manuscript Published on 27 August 2019 | PP: 473-476 | Volume-8 Issue-2S4 July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B10920782S419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1092.0782S419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Phenolic based PALF/nanoclay hybrid composites was prepared by adding Montmorillonite (MMT) as filler at different loading (1%, 2% and 3%) by using hot press technique. Obtained results indicated that adding MMT in PALF/phenolic composites considerably improves the tensile and flexural strength and modulus. Tensile properties showed that the tensile strength increased after adding MMT though tensile modulus decreased. Flexural strength and modulus were enhanced after adding MMT up to 2%, further addition of MMT declined the properties. 2% MMT showed better tensile and flexural properties. 3% MMT/PALF hybrid composite showed no further improvement in tensile properties after 2% MMT, however the flexural properties were reduced. 3% MMT did not improved much maybe agglomeration accrued. PALF/nanoclay/phenolic hybrid composites revealed good mechanical properties that encourage to use for structural purposes.
Keywords: Phenolic Resin, PALF, Nano Clay, Tensile Properties, Flexural Properties.
Scope of the Article: Composite Materials