Academic Freedom: Empowering the National Education Philosophy in Malaysia
Hasbollah Bin Mat Saad1, Ramalinggam Rajamanickam2, Anisah Binti Che Ngah3

1Hasbollah Bin Mat Saad, Lecturer, Multimedia University, Malaysia.
2Ramalinggam Rajamanickam, Senior Lecturer Dr., Fakulti Undang-Undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
3Anisah Binti Che Ngah, Associate Professor Dr., Fakulti Undang-Undang, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
Manuscript received on 28 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 11 July 2019 | Manuscript Published on 17 July 2019 | PP: 554-560 | Volume-8 Issue-2S July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B10850782S19/2019©BEIESP
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Abstract: Academic freedom is one of the basic rightstowards improving the quality of teaching and learning processes. A quality educational system should have a clear goal of producing competitive, creative, and progressive human capital as well as capable of expressing thoughtful and sound ideas to enhance holistic and integrated national progress. Malaysia’s educational system guided by the National Education Philosophy underscores that integrated education should be a key thrust in educating and producing students who are able to compete internationally. With the accomplishment of several key thrusts to achieve that goal, the National Education Philosophy has also laid down an education basis through the formation of a knowledge-based community peculiar to the foundation of an integrated national development. Achieving this goal will contribute to a strong and substantial progress in addressing the challenges of globalization that every individual in the society needs to face. As such, academic freedom should serve as a core thrust in creating a sustainable and competitive society in crossing and facing the challenges of a borderless world that highs on the mental strength of each individual. This paper will focus on the concept of academic freedom and its role in empowering the National Education Philosophy in Malaysia by implementing the Legal Research Methodology. Initially, the legislative restrictions are the main issue faced by the key-players in academic fields to defend their academic freedom.
Keywords: Academic Freedom, National Education Philosophy, Teaching and Learning, Knowledge-Based Community.
Scope of the Article: Smart Learning and Innovative Education Systems