Mechanism Towards Free, Fair and Credible Election in Africa: Challenges to Electorates and Other Actors of the Electoral Process
Muritala Dauda1, Mohammad Zaki Ahmad2, Mohammad Faisol Keling3
1Muritala Dauda, School of International Studies, College of Law, Government and International Studies (COLGIS), Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM).
2Mohammad Zaki Ahmad, School of International Studies, College of Law, Government and International Studies (COLGIS), Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM).
3Mohammad Faisol Keling, School of International Studies, College of Law, Government and International Studies (COLGIS), Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM).
Manuscript received on 17 July 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 02 August 2019 | Manuscript Published on 10 August 2019 | PP: 278-283 | Volume-8 Issue-2S3 July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B10480782S319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1048.0782S319
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Election as a process of selecting those that will represent the interest of the masses need to be free, fair and credible. For an election to be credible, free and fair in which its result would be accepted by all, there is need for the actors/stakeholders of the electoral process to vigorously discharge their respective duties and obligation in the exercise. The electoral bodies, the civil society, the judiciary, political parties, the mass media, and even the masses who are the electorates are to be adequately orientated, cultured and given awareness on the beauty of participating in the selection process of their leaders. Despite the fact that, the voting behaviour of masses during an election tell more about the success of the system, but the actors or stakeholders involved in the electoral process can influence the level of voters’ turnout in an election, by given the electorates regular orientation and awareness on the electoral system in the society. The study makes use of MoralityImplicit Theory to explain how the electoral process can be free and fair, if the actors involved in the process imbibed moral value and transparency in discharging their duties to the system without fear or favour. This study therefore is a qualitative in nature that employs the use of secondary source of data to explain the mechanism towards free, fair and credible election in Africa.
Keywords: Democracy, Election, Free and Fair, Electorates, Africa.
Scope of the Article: Process & Device Technologies