Pirzi Doll”: A Method for Increasing Children’s Knowledge and Attitude in Balanced Nutrition
Anita Rahmiwati1, Ditia Fitri Arinda2, Feranita Utama3, Indah Purnama Sari4
1Anita Rahmiwati, Public Health Faculty, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indralaya, South Sumatera, Indonesia.
2Ditia Fitri Arinda, Public Health Faculty, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indralaya, South Sumatera, Indonesia.
3Feranita Utama, Public Health Faculty, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indralaya, South Sumatera, Indonesia.
4Indah Purnama Sari, Public Health Faculty, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indralaya, South Sumatera, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on 15 October 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 21 October 2019 | Manuscript Published on 02 November 2019 | PP: 165-169 | Volume-8 Issue-2S9 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: B10360982S919/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1036.0982S919
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Nutrition is one of the main problems in the world, where the number of malnourished patients reaches less than 104 million children and one third of all causes of child mortality worldwide are still caused by malnutrition. Nutrition knowledge in school-aged children is one of the factors determining patterns food consumption and nutritional status. Nutrition education in school-aged children can improve children’s nutritional knowledge and play a role in food selection and eating habits. Nutrition education should start from an early age. Nutrition and health education began to be directed at kindergarten and elementary school students, since this age group has a habit of attitude that is relatively easy to be formed. This study aims to determine the effect of nutrition education by story’s telling with pirzi doll media to increase knowledge and attitude of children about balanced nutrition. This study used quasi-experimental design with two group pre and post-test design sampling was carried out with a systematic random sampling. Sample of research were children enrolled in Kindergarten IT Rabbani and IT Menara Fitrah in Ogan Ilir District. There were 37 samples on control group dan 39 samples on experimental group. The results of statistical analysis using Mann-Whitney test. The mean score of knowledge after being given a nutritional education was 26.15 ± 3.10 in the experimental group and in the control group was 26.05± 3.16 (p-value=0.817). The mean score of attitudes after being given a nutritional education was 13.69 ± 1.97 in the experimental group and in the control group was 11.24 ± 3.67 (p-value=0.002). There was no difference in mean score of knowledge between the experimental and control groups after being given a nutritional education. There was a difference in mean values of attitudes between the experimental and control groups after being given a nutritional education.
Keywords: Story Telling; Pirzi Doll; Balanced Nutrition.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology