The Effectiveness of Smart Kit in Enhancing Students’ Mathematical Process Skills and Achievement in Mathematics
Zulkifley Mohamed1, Rosmah Ramli2, Abu Kassim Ali Musa3, Nor Hashimah Abu Bakar4, Faiz Zulkifli5
1Zulkifley Mohamed, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia.
2Rosmah Ramli, Department of Mathematics, IPG Ipoh Campus, Hulu Kinta, Perak, Malaysia.
3Abu Kassim Ali Musa, Department of Educational Technology, IPG Ipoh Campus, Hulu Kinta, Perak, Malaysia.
4Nor Hashimah Abu Bakar, Department of Mathematics, IPG Ipoh Campus, Hulu Kinta, Perak, Malaysia.
5Faiz Zulkifli, Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perak Branch, Tapah Campus, Tapah Road, Perak, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on 17 July 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 02 August 2019 | Manuscript Published on 10 August 2019 | PP: 191-196 | Volume-8 Issue-2S3 July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B10350782S319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1035.0782S319
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The utilization of teaching aids is crucial in enhancing students’ mathematical process skills. However, teachers give less accentuation on this aspect of usage which leads to students’ low competence in mathematical process skills. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a developed teaching aids, in particular, a Smart Kit in enhancing mathematical process skills and achievement among selected primary school students in Hulu Kinta, Perak. The experimental method was used in this study. Cluster sampling was used to select the samples. The samples were divided into two groups, the control and treatment groups which each consisted of 36 respondents. The treatment group was engaged with the developed Smart Kit while the students in the control group followed the conventional method of teaching and learning. Measurement and Geometry topics at primary school level were selected and students’ mathematical process skills were assessed based on Malaysia Assessment and Curriculum Standard Documents. The findings revealed that there was a significant difference in problem solving, reasoning and connecting skills between the control group and the treatment group. Furthermore, the mathematical achievement of the treatment group was higher than the control group. In conclusion, the utilization of the developed Smart Kit enhanced students’ problem solving, reasoning and connecting skills, and improved mathematical achievement. In implicative insinuation, the use of the developed Smart Kit can help teachers and students in teaching and learning processes specifically on the topics of Measurement and Geometry.
Keywords: Mathematical Process Skills, Mathematics Achievement, Smart Kid, Teaching Aids.
Scope of the Article: Cryptography and Applied Mathematics