How Work-Family Conflict, Enrichment and their Interaction Influence Work-Family Balance Satisfaction among University Faculty?
Farhan Sarwar1, Siti Aisyah Panatik2, Zia ur-Rehman3

1Farhan Sarwar, Azman Hashim International Business School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.
2Siti Aisyah Panatik, School of Human Resource Development and Psychology Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.
3Zia ur-Rehman, Azman Hashim International Business School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on 24 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 07 July 2019 | Manuscript Published on 17 July 2019 | PP: 48-56 | Volume-8 Issue-2S July 2019 | Retrieval Number: B10080782S19/2019©BEIESP 
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Abstract: The current nature of academic job has blurred the boundaries between faculty’s work and family roles. However, it is still unclear how experience of conflict and enrichment between work-family domains influence the overall satisfaction with balance, an indicator of wellbeing. Online data was collected from 450 public sector faculty members of Pakistan and analyzed using variance based structural equation modelling. Results of direct effects hypothesis revealed that work to family conflict and both directions of enrichment predicted the balance outcome. Interaction analysis revealed that low work to family conflict and high work to family enrichment led to a higher overall perception of balance satisfaction. Multi-group analysis revealed no gender difference in path relationships, but females were less satisfied with balance and experienced greater conflict. Importance-performance analysis revealed that by restructuring faculty job roles for less work to family conflict and greater work to family enrichment can enhance their satisfaction with work family balance. Conflict and enrichment arising from family has little influence on balance satisfaction.
Keywords: Balance Satisfaction; Conflict; Enrichment; Importance Performance Map Analysis.
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences