Biogas Production from Water Hyacinth Case of Lake Chivero – Zimbabwe A review
Kunatsa T.1, Mufundirwa A2
1Kunatsa T, Lecturer, Department of Fuels & Energy, Chinhoyi University of Technology, Chinhoyi, Zimbabwe.
2Mufundirwa A, Lecturer, Department of Fuels & Energy, Chinhoyi University of Technology, Chinhoyi, Zimbabwe.
Manuscript received on 21 May 2013 | Revised Manuscript received on 28 May 2013 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2013 | PP: 138-142 | Volume-2 Issue-2, May 2013 | Retrieval Number: B0629052213/2013©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to review the energy situation in Zimbabwe as well as the possibility of producing biogas from water hyacinth. Zimbabwe faces a shortage of electrical energy owing to internal generation shortfalls and the country imports all its petroleum fuels at a huge cost.The majority of people in Zimbabwe as a developing country are dependent on traditional and inefficient energy services that constrain their ability to enhance economic productivity and quality of life. The water hyacinth weed has invaded approximately all rivers, lakes and dams in Zimbabwe and government authorities are relying on research institutions to come up with solutions to deal with this invasive weed. The costs connected with elimination and maintenance control of water hyacinth are quite considerable. This study found out that the option of biogas production as a way of energy exploration using water hyacinth may not only sustain the energy availability but also improve environmental sustainability by improving the social, economic and physical well being of the environment.
Keywords: Biogas, Lake Chivero, Renewable Energy, Water Hyacint
Scope of the Article: Water Supply and Drainage