Converting Traditional Water Supply Network Into 24×7, using Water GEMS to Optimize Design
Mukund M.Pawar1, Nitin P. Sonaje2

1Mukund M.Pawar*, Research Scholar, WIT, Solapur and Faculty, Shri Vithal Education & Research Institute, Pandharpur (Maharashtra), India.
2Dr. Nitin P. Sonaje, Principal, Government Polytechnic, Miraj (Maharashtra), India.

Manuscript received on May 19, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on May 26, 2021. | Manuscript published on May 30, 2021. | PP: 280-284 | Volume-10 Issue-1, May 2021. | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijrte.A59370510121 | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.A5937.0510121
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Abstract: Water is all-natural driving force. Entire world struggles to preserve it. Given that India is among the top 12 water poor countries, water wastage is a critical issue for us. India’s population is increasing day by day and thus the demand for water is continuously increasing. This growing demand can be met through an efficient water distribution network which can be designed using modern hydraulic software such as Water GEMS. Using the Water GEMS software Pandharpur city is selected to convert existing water supply system into 24 * 7 continuous water supply systems. The largest investment is the pipes used in the water distribution system. The design, modeling and optimization of pipes in water supply system from an economic point of view are very important. Therefore optimal pipe network design for converting existing network into 24×7 water supply system networks is carried out in this paper to reduce the cost using WaterGEM software. Study of the existing water supply network system for one zone (Ambika Nagar Zone-10) is initially carried out from the Pandharpur area. The effect on demand, head loss gradient, and pressure development of the forecasted population is studied. In addition, cost optimization of the pipe network for the proposed 24×7 water supply system is carried out using a genetic algorithms Darwin optimization approach. 
Keywords: 24×7 Water Supply System, Optimal Design, Darwin Designer, Water GEMS Software.