Automatic Plant Irrigation System with Real Time Notification
Ashutosh Rai1, Rohit Vishwkarma2, Rukmani Panjanathan3
1Ashutosh Rai, School of Computing Science and Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Chennai, India.
2Rohit Vishwkarma, School of Computing Science and Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Chennai, India.
3Rukmani Panjanathan, School of Computing Science and Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Chennai, India.
Manuscript received on 09 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 14 May 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2019 | PP: 1428-1430 | Volume-8 Issue-1, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: A3287058119 /19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Agriculture is a primary occupation in India since ages. But now, due to migration of people from rural to urban areas agriculture has started degrading. In order to overcome this challenge and to increase the productivity in farming, an Automatic plant irrigation system with real time notification is developed. This system includes various features like reading values from the soil, capturing sunlight to generate solar energy in order to drive the motor pump and to notify the farmers with a real time notification by SMS on their mobile phone. Farmers need not to have Android phone or 4G connections; the system can even work with phones which only support 2G connections. A sensor node is being deployed in a small region of the farm, for large farm areas we can deploy multiple sensors and then interfacing all the sensor to one switch and this switch will be connected to microcontroller. The parameters can be controlled with the help of any remote service and the operations are performed by interfacing sensor with the microcontroller. The sensor sends data to microcontroller in analog form. Based on that microcontroller takes decision either to switch on the water pump or not. For sending SMS we are using GSM module 400C, this module is also connected to microcontroller and sends SMS whenever water pump starts or gets switch off. We can also control the timing interval of the whole system by increasing or decreasing delay time, so that it does not continuously pumps water when it is not necessary. This system may be crafted into a product, and it can be handed over for the wellbeing of farmers across the globe.
Index Terms: GSM, IoT, Soil Moisture, Solar Energy, SMS.
Scope of the Article: IoT