Electromyographical Analysis and Performance During Bench Press Exercise: The Influence of Self-Talk
Nur Shazana Muhammad Shukri1, Mohd Fadhil Abdullah2, Siti Jameelah Md Japilus3, Siti Hartini Azmi4, Mirza Azny Mustafa5, Ali Md Nadzalan6
1Nur Shazana Muhammad Shukri, Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia.
2Mohd Fadhil Abdullah, Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia.
3Siti Jameelah Md Japilus, Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Kampus Arau, Malaysia.
4Siti Hartini Azmi, Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia.
5Mirza Azny Mustafa, Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia.
6Ali Md Nadzalan, Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on 14 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 19 May 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2019 | PP: 1279-1281 | Volume-8 Issue-1, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: A3213058119/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This study was conducted to determine and compare the effects of different self-talk approach on performance and muscle activation during bench press exercise. Thirty trained men were recruited and were required to performed bench press exercise in three self-talk approach; i) motivational self-talk, ii) instructional self-talk, and iii) control condition (without self-talk). The performance of bench press is measured by the number of repetitions that were accomplished while the muscle activation was obtained from the pectoralis major muscle using electromyography (EMG) method. Results showed greatest number of repetitions was recorded when performing motivational self-talk followed by control condition and lastly instructional self-talk. In contrast, instructional self-talk recorded the highest pectoralis major muscle activation. As the conclusion, motivational self-talk is suggested to be adopted during resistance training as it was shown to produce greatest performance while been economic in terms of muscle activation.
Index Terms: Performance, Psychology approach, Resistance Training, Self-Talk
Scope of the Article: Measurement & Performance Analysis