Online Contractual Process: Status and Technology
Elena Anatolievna Kirillova1, A.V. Pavlyuk2, A.A. Mikheyev3
1E.A. Kirillova, Russian Federation Southwest State University, Kursk, Russia.
2A.V. Pavlyuk, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), Moscow, Russia.
3A.A. Mikheyev, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), Moscow, Russia.

Manuscript received on 14 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 18 May 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2019 | PP: 2234-2240 | Volume-8 Issue-1, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: A2192058119 /19©BEIESP
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Abstract: This article discusses the legal status of electronic messages of country leaders published on the Internet in public access. The development of information technologies has contributed to the evolution of a new direction in international negotiations, which can be called the online contractual process. It is much more significant than traditional agreements in terms of power, effectiveness and influence. The struggle for economic and political spheres of influence, capital and power is unfolding in the virtual information space and is acquiring new, post-traditional virtual forms. Country leaders can instantly transfer information into the sphere of action using virtual space to express their position. When working on the article, the authors used the methods of collecting and studying individual facts, generalization, scientific abstraction, pattern recognition, as well as the method of objectivity, concreteness and pluralism. It has been concluded that electronic messages of country leaders on social networks are of particular importance in international relations since they represent unilateral constitutional acts, which in some cases seriously change the political situation. The legal nature of legally significant electronic messages of country leaders is an independent legal category, which has a set of its own unique characteristics. Electronic messages expressing the will of a person vested with authority belong to legally significant messages, which can be placed between legal transactions and legal actions. This determines the existence of elements of both categories. However, the existence of independent characteristics peculiar only to this phenomenon allows concluding about the emergence of a new legal phenomenon – legally significant electronic messages of country leaders, the essence of which represents one of the types of lawful actions with a specific legal procedure. Conclusions, made in the research, allow qualifying the communication of politicians online as a full-fledged negotiation process, generating certain legal consequences and introducing a category of politicians’ public electronic messages into the legal field.
Index Terms: Buyer, Deal, Electronic Commerce, Electronic Digital Signature, Electronic Documents, Legally Significant Messages, Seller.

Scope of the Article:
Online Learning Systems