Retinal Vasculature Extraction Using Non-Subsampled Contourlet Transform and Multi-structure Element Morphology by Reconstruction
Anil Kumar K.R1, Meenakshy K.2 

1Anil Kumar K.R, Assistant Professor, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, NSS College of Engineering, Palakkad. Kerala, India. (Research Scholar, University of Calicut).
2Dr.Meenakshy K, Associate Professor, Department of Applied Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Government Engineering College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India.

Manuscript received on 01 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 07 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 116-125 | Volume-8 Issue-2, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: A1908058119/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.A1908.078219
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: Retinal vasculature extraction is an area of utmost interest in ophthalmology. It helps to diagnose various diseases and also play a crucial role in treatment planning and accomplishment.In this work, we suggest an algorithm to segmentretinal vasculature fromretinal Fundus Images(FI) using multi-structure element morphology after enhancing the image using Normal Inverse Gaussian (NIG) model in the fuzzified Non-Subsampled Contourlet Transform (NSCT) domain. Since both noises and weak edges produce low magnitude NSCT coefficients, image enhancement methods amplify weak edges as well as noises. Direct application of image boosting technique in the NSCT domain causes over enhancement. So a novel image enhancement method is employed by interpreting the term “contrast” as a qualitative instead of a quantitative measure of the image. Membership values of NSCT coefficients are modified using NIG model. Mathematical Morphology(MM) by Multi-structure Elements (MEs) is used to extract the edges of image. False vessel ridges are expunged, and the thin vessel edges are preserved using opening by reconstruction. Connected component analysis followed by length filtering is used to filter the still remaining false edges. In most of the available literature, low-resolution fundus image databases are used for evaluating the algorithm. In our work, we evaluate our algorithm not only utilizing the DRIVE database, a low-resolution retinal image (RI) database, but also using an openly available High-Resolution Fundus (HRF) image database. Our result illustrates that the proposed method outperforms the other techniques considered with average accuracy (ACC) of 96.71%. In addition to ACC, we also use F1-Score and Mathews Correlation Coefficient (MCC) to evaluate our method. The average values of the results obtained with the HRF image database for F1-Score and MCC are 0.8172 and 0.8031, respectively, which are very much encouraging.
Index Terms: Vessel Segmentation, Multi-structure Element Morphology by Reconstruction, Non Subsampled Contourlet Transform, Normal Inverse Gaussian Model

Scope of the Article: Concrete Structures