Performance Evaluation of Hierarchical Multicast Routing Protocols
Joshua Reginald Pullagura1, D.Venkata Rao2
1Joshua Reginald Pullagura, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, 1Vignan’s Foundation for Science Technology & Research, Vadlamudi-522 213, Guntur, A.P, India.
1D. Venkata Rao, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, 2QIS College of Engineering & Technology, Ongole, A.P, India.

Manuscript received on 05 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 10 May 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2019 | PP: 18 | Volume-8 Issue-1, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: A1386058119/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: Wireless sensor networks became integral part of human life because of many day-to-day applications. Multicast routing in is one of the greatest challenges due to limitations in nodes energy and bandwidth. Increasing network lifetime is key component in many applications. Many multicast routing mechanisms are available and these routing protocols while selecting path between source and destination nodes should take care of nodes power into consideration. This paper compares various routing protocols in network simulator. Simulation results show that An Efficient Multicast Routing Protocol based on Ant with Improved Pheromone Updating Rule show better performance when compared to other routing protocols in terms of energy consumption.
Keywords: Ant Colony Algorithm, Cluster, Multicasting and Power.
Scope of the Article: Performance Evaluation of Networks