Paradigms of Second Language Acquisition: A Neurolinguistic Perspective
A. Delbio1, M. Ilankumaran2

1A. Delbio, Research Scholar, Department of English, Noorul Islam Centre for Higher Education, Kumaracoil, Thuckalay (Tamil Nadu), India.
2M. Ilankumaran, Professor, Department of English, Noorul Islam Centre for Higher Education, Kumaracoil, Thuckalay (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 18 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 11 July 2019 | Manuscript Published on 17 July 2019 | PP: 1019-1024 | Volume-8 Issue-1C2 May 2019 | Retrieval Number: A11760581C219/2019©BEIESP
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Abstract: Second language acquisition is an enormously a complex phenomenon. Second language means learning any language next to the learner’sfirst language. This paper brings out the approachesof second language acquisition and the perceptions of learners. The approaches are linguistic,neurolinguistic, cognition, and socio cultural. It is not possible for the learner to describe the language system, because the second language learners find hard to develop it. In learning a new language formal and informal way of learning takes place. Formal learning means classroom based learning, in which the learner acquires the language in a systematic way. In informal learning, the learners acquire the language through picking up from the native speaker or through internet. Stephen Krashen distinguishes this formal and informal as conscious learning and unconscious learning. The theoretical perspectives of second language acquisition are discussed in this paper. Universal grammar approach is the most influential linguistic theory in the field of acquiring the second language. This theory attempts to find out the linguistic knowledge in second language learners’ mind. This paper also deals with how the features of language input affect language learning through input based perspective and learner based perspective. It also analyses the role of memory in language learning through cognitive approach. This paper also brings out the sociolinguistic perspectives and its impact in the field of second language learning.
Keywords: Second Language Acquisition, Universal Grammar Approach, Cognitive Approach, Linguistic Approach, Sociolinguistic Perspective, Input Based Perspective, Process based Perspective.
Scope of the Article: Natural Language Processing