Therianthropic Character in Garuda Statue and Relief
Ranang Agung Sugihartono1, Dharsono2, Guntur3, Moh. Rusnoto Susanto4
1Ranang Agung Sugihartono, Program Pascasarjana, Institut Seni Indonesia Surakarta, Indonesia.
2Dharsono, Program Pascasarjana, Institut Seni Indonesia Surakarta, Indonesia.
3Guntur, Program Pascasarjana, Institut Seni Indonesia, Surakarta, Indonesia.
4Moh. Rusnoto Susanto, Program Studi Pendidikan Seni Rupa, Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on 16 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 11 July 2019 | Manuscript Published on 17 July 2019 | PP: 679-683 | Volume-8 Issue-1C2 May 2019 | Retrieval Number: A11130581C219/2019©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This study focuses on the visualization of Garuda statues and reliefs in the Indonesian-Hindu culture time, with the aim of knowing its therianthropic levels. This discussion was conducted with a qualitative descriptive approach.The data collection used observation and literature studies, and analysis using data triangulation. From the results of the discussion, it shows that the Garudeya story appears more strongly on the temple in the time of the Indonesian-Hindu culture time of the East Java period, along with the shifting function of the temple into the king’s place of worship, the stronger ideology of penance (‘ruwatan’) that in line with the story, and shifting patterns and the direction of the temple becomes a form of ‘pundek berundak’ which places the mountain as the setting and the direction the scale towards worship in the temple, as a representation of the growing strength of the Indonesian local genius. The therianthropic characters to be human forms appear on the body, hands, thighs, and body ornament of Garuda, and the shape of the animal is always on the wings, while parts of the face, head and toes are uncertain. The visualization of the therianthropic figure describes the achievement (of animals) of birds at the highest degree, a symbol of heroism. The conception of therianthropic forms is very relevant to be used as a reference for the development of typical Indonesian art in the future.
Keywords: Garuda, Therianthropic, Character, Statue, and Relief.
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences