How Do Malaysian and South Korean Mathematics Teachers Encourage Collaboration among Students in Mathematics Classroom?
Abdul Halim Abdullah1, Bomi Shin2

1Abdul Halim Abdullah, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.
2Bomi Shin, Chonnam National Universiti, Gwangju, South Korea.
Manuscript received on 16 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 11 July 2019 | Manuscript Published on 17 July 2019 | PP: 603-609 | Volume-8 Issue-1C2 May 2019 | Retrieval Number: A10990581C219/2019©BEIESP
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Abstract: Collaboration activities in mathematics classes are activities that actively involve students. Collaborative learning is one of the features in the 21st-century pedagogical framework. Many studies have shown the positive impact of the activities collaboration in groups of students on various aspects such as mathematics achievement, concept understanding, attitude, motivation and so on. Malaysia and South Korea are two countries that promote cooperative and collaborative learning as suggested in their mathematics curriculum. In this regard, the study compares how secondary school mathematics teachers in Malaysia and South Korea carry out collaborative activities among students in mathematics classes. Furthermore, this study may help explain why mathematics achievements of South Korean students are outstanding in international assessments compared to Malaysian students, especially in terms of collaborative activities in mathematics classes. This study adopted a survey design using questionnaires followed by interviews with mathematics teachers to obtain more in-depth information on the aspects of interest. A total of 71 respondents from Malaysia and 51 respondents from South Korea were involved in this study. Three mathematics teachers from each country were interviewed. The questionnaire consists of 12 items. The reliability of the questionnaire using Cronbach’s alpha was 0.94. The results showed that mathematics teachers in both countries do not use educational technology such as dynamic geometry software and the internet to promote collaboration in mathematics classes. Nevertheless, group discussion, problem-solving and group assignments are carried out in mathematics classes in both countries. All in all, this study found similarities in the aspects of collaborative activities in mathematics classes. Further studies have to be carried out on the types of tasks given, the difficulty level of mathematical problems that need to be solved in the group, learning aids other than the ICT being used and other relevant aspects.
Keywords: Collaboration, Malaysia, Mathematics Classroom, South Korea.
Scope of the Article: Cryptography and Applied Mathematics