Enhancing Self-Reliant of Students in Technical and Vocational Skills Through Work-Based Learning for 4th Industrial Revolution; Review of Nigerian Higher Institutions
Shirka Kassam Jwasshaka1, Nor Fadila Mohd. Amin2

1Shirka Kassam Jwasshaka, Principal & Provost Amity Global Institute, Singapore.
2Nor Fadila Mohd. Amin, Academic Board Member, Amity Global Institute, Singapore.
Manuscript received on 16 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 11 July 2019 | Manuscript Published on 17 July 2019 | PP: 594-598 | Volume-8 Issue-1C2 May 2019 | Retrieval Number: A10970581C219/2019©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Enhancing skills through work-based learning enables graduates of higher institutions to be innovative, learn new skills, connect directly, and conveniently to world of work. Private sectors, partnership with higher institutions in making the education system better in this regard cannot be overemphasized. It is in view of this, that this study sought to critically review Nigeria higher institutions with regards to providing graduates with the needed TVET skills through work-based learning for self-reliant; owing to the challenges of the fourth industrial revolution. The study adopted systematic review where thirty-five (35) published journals articles were downloaded from web-based providers such as: Science direct, Scopus, Google scholar, Springer, and Willey online Library and so on. Twenty (20) articles were found to have met the demand of the study. The finding from the review revealed that work-based is lacking in the training of graduates in technical and vocational education training skills. Higher institutions based their training on classroom or school based making the graduates insufficient in skills. The reviewers recommended the inclusion of other aspects of training into the system to augment TVET skills such as exposing students to: industrial training, field trips, excursion, job shadowing, school-based enterprises, and school entrepreneurial ventures, internship/practicum, clinical work experiences, cooperative work experiences, youth apprenticeship and career days. Conclusion of the whole discussion is given at the end of the paper.
Keywords: Technical, Vocational Education and Training (TVET), Work-based Learning, Skills.
Scope of the Article: Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)