Internet of thing based Smart Power Grid for Smart City
Mrigank Rishav1, Rittika Maity2, Dipraj Ghosh3, V.N. Ganesh4, Sivakumar5
1Mrigank Rishav, Student, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Rittika Maity, Student, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
3Dipraj Ghosh, Student, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
4V.N. Ganesh, Assistant Professor, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
5Sivakumar, Assistant Professor, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 04 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 29 June 2019 | Manuscript Published on 04 July 2019 | PP: 450-453 | Volume-8 Issue-1S4 June 2019 | Retrieval Number: A10830681S419/2019©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Smart Grid and Internet of things (IoT) are the two technologies that has become highly developed in the perspective of energy saving & as well as monitoring. Smart Grid is an excellent solution to optimize the energy consumption & to provide continuous supply of energy throughout the city without any Blackouts while the IoT can be a solution that offers consumers the convenience of having a real-time method to control & monitor the consumption of energy. In this paper the authors propose the design of Smart Grid System based on IoT for smart city. In the present time, the conventional electrical network system is outdated due to rapid growth of demand for the electrical energy. The smart Grid can provide better efficiency for electricity consumption as well as its distribution. The smart meters present inside the home of the consumers can monitor the loads individually. The data obtained from the smart meters can be stored in the cloud of the consumer. Consumers of the electricity can continuously monitor the data of their respective loads inside the house. We have also proposed Smart distribution of power to the load by turning the appliances in the power saving mode with help of IOT if it is unnecessarily used for e.g Fridges are most of the time in the ON condition & during winters their need is less but people tend to use so it can be turned to power saving mode & its surplus energy can be stored. The surplus energy can be stored in devices such as supercapacitors to store for further use. In this paper we have proposed a plan in which, the consumer of the house will get a limited plan of electricity just like we have in our sim cards presently in India. The consumer of the house can utilize their energy upon their plans & if they exceed their plans, they can either use energy from renewable sources such as solar or they can again recharge it. This will increase the uses of more renewable resources & saving of electricity. In the city, Each Smart meter will be given a unique identification key which will be registered with the Electricity boards. This ID will be used by the consumer & it will be connected to IOT on the cloud. This ID on the cloud will store all the data of the respective consumers. The data can be viewed by the consumers as well as the electricity boards so it can reduce a chance of current theft & hence less chances of loss for the government. IoT will also help in detection of fault in the transmission line with help of current sensors & voltage sensors installed in the line. Therefore, if any fault occurs in any phase out of the 3 phases at a far distance, Then the exact location of the fault & the fault itself will be predetermined so it will be easy to clear the fault. The sensor data will be continuously going to the cloud with the help of wifi – module & IoT. The data is continuously monitored on the IoT Platforms such as Cayenne’s IoT. The loads can be also triggered through IoT Platforms.
Keywords: Smart Grid, Internet of Things, Smart City, Smart Meter, Fault Monitoring, Cayenne’s IoT, Smart Load Management.
Scope of the Article: Internet of Things