Effect of Cerium Oxide Nano Additives on the Performance, Combustion and Emission Parameters of a Hazantus (ALGAE) Bio Diesel in a 4-Stroke DI CI Engine
Narkedamilli Pavan Kumar1, K. Venkateswararao2
1Narkedamilli Pavan Kumar, P.G Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Godavari Institute of Engineering & Technology, Rajahmundry (A.P), India.
2K. Venkateswararao, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Godavari Institute of Engineering & Technology, Rajahmundry (A.P), India.
Manuscript received on 03 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 28 June 2019 | Manuscript Published on 04 July 2019 | PP: 349-354 | Volume-8 Issue-1S4 June 2019 | Retrieval Number: A10620681S419/2019©BEIESP
Open Access | Editorial and Publishing Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In the Alternate fuel area Bio Diesel will plays a major role. Most of the bio diesel is derived from seed-based source like Pongamia and Jatropha in Bharat. The problem associated with the seed-based sources are yield time, yield of crop. An and average a pongamia tree can produce seeds up to 9 to 90 per tree per year. The alternate energy is waiting for a source having less yield time and high capacity of yield. Algae is a moss family micro plant which is grown within one week having high lipid content. The oil yield from algae is about 20 to 90% achieved by various oil extraction process like solvent extraction method, soxhlet extraction, mechanical pressing, pyrolysis etc.… To reduce the viscosity, separate the glycerin from the neat oil Transesterification is used. In the present research the Hazantus (Algae Bio Diesel) is blended with the fossil based diesel fuel at various proportions i.e. 10% (ALME 10), 20% (ALME 20), 30% (ALME 30) tested in a Computerized water cooled DI Engine along with pure Hazantus (Algae Bio Diesel) (ALME) and Fossil based Diesel Fuel to identify the best blend by performance, Combustion parameters. The blend ALME 10 is the best proportion in terms of Performance and Combustion. For this blend the Cerium Oxide Nano Particles are added at a proportion of 25 mg (ALME 10 CeO2 25 mg), 50 mg (ALME 10 CeO2 50 mg). These two fuel blends are tested in Engine.
Keywords: Alternate Fuel, Bio Diesel, Algae Bio Diesel (ALME), Cerium Oxide Nano Particles.
Scope of the Article: Biomechanics