Municipal Solid Waste Management in India with Special Reference to Narasapur Town in West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India
K.M. Ganesh1, A.C.S.V. Prasad2, A.S.S.Vara Prasad3

1K.M. Ganesh, Department of Civil Engineering, SRKR Engineering College, Bhimavaram (Andhra Pradesh), India.
2A.C.S.V. Prasad, Department of Civil Engineering, SRKR Engineering College, Bhimavaram (Andhra Pradesh), India.
3A.S.S.Vara Prasad, Department of Civil Engineering, Kakinada Institute of Technology and Science, Divili (Andhra Pradesh), India.
Manuscript received on 14 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 08 June 2019 | Manuscript Published on 15 June 2019 | PP: 311-318 | Volume-8 Issue-1S3 June 2019 | Retrieval Number: A10560681S319/2019©BEIESP
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Abstract: In the initial stages of industrial regime, there was a gradual relocation of the rural population to the industrialized urban areas in the developing countries. However, the collection and creation of solid waste was at a practicable rate and hence, the regular ejection of family and trade scrap was not a serious problem for the jurisdiction. Later, rising urbanization led to rapid change in the quantity and character of the waste in line with the changing lifestyle of the people, and also with the changes in the marketing technology, fuel technology and building technology. Research studies conducted in certain developed and developing countries substantiate the magnitude and the subsequent consequences of the modern technologies in aggravating the problem of solid waste management. Landfills are designed separately for the disposal of different types of wastes: for hazardous waste, designated waste (non-hazardous waste that may release constituents in concentration that are in excess of applicable water quality standards established by central and state governments such as combustion ash, asbestos and other similar wastes), and municipal solid waste. In developed and developing countries, substantial increase in recycling and consequently a reduction in landfilling appeared in the last decade of the 20th century. Within the East European countries in 1995, approximately 86% of solid waste was landfilled and 2.4% was incinerated. The data for 1999 shows an improvement in reducing landfilling to 83.7% while the share of incineration of municipal solid waste increased to 6% and the share of incineration increased to nearly 160%. The plan of municipal solid waste landfill is to place residuals in the land according to a well-designed, careful, coordinated plan so as to minimize environmental impacts and maximize benefits, especially to keep the resource and financial cost as low as possible. This studies presented an overview of the principal technology available for diverting biodegradable municipal waste along with the landfill technique. Leachate is created as rainfall lands on an uncapped landfill and percolates through the wastes. 450 gms/capita/day is the per capita waste generation is obtained.
Keywords: Municipal Solid Waste Management, India Scenario, SWM Practices.
Scope of the Article: Simulation Optimization and Risk Management