New Record of Miraciidae (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) from Tioman Waters
Azrina Sham1, Zaleha Kassim2, Nurul Huda Ahmad Ishak3, Zuhairi Ahmad4, Hazwani Hanim Hasnan5
1Azrina Sham, Department of Marine Science, Kulliyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan.
2Zaleha Kassim, Department of Marine Science, Kulliyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan.
3Nurul Huda Ahmad Ishak, School of Marine and Environmental Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia.
4Zuhairi Ahmad, Department of Marine Science, Kulliyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan.
5Hazwani Hanim Hasnan, Department of Marine Science, Kulliyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan.
Manuscript received on 28 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 10 May 2019 | Manuscript Published on 17 May 2019 | PP: 351-358 | Volume-8 Issue-1S May 2019 | Retrieval Number: A10510581S19/2019©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: A series of meiobenthic sampling were carried in Tioman Island coral area between July to September 2016 and from August until October 2017. Four species from three different genera were identified as family members of Miraciidae Dana, 1846: Robertgurneya smithi Hamond, 1973, Typhlamphiascus typhloides Sars G.O, 1911, Typhlamphiascus lutincola Soyer, 1963 and Delavalia clavus Wells & Rao, 1987. Miraciidae is known as a cosmopolitan family since they dominated all sediment layers and can be distinguished from other families due to the presence of duality ovisac, a rare feature met within harpacticoid. Both Typhlamphiascus were put under different group (1 and 2) due to presence of one or two setae on Enp-3 P4. Presence of spinules on the anterior surface of P1and P4; and spinules laterally align on P1-P4 endopod of Delavalia clavus showed the morphological adaptations of harpacticoid at different habitat. As a comparison with published marine harpacticoid reported from Malaysia, Robertgurneya smithi and Typhlamphiascus typhloides are newly recorded from Malaysian waters.
Keywords: Benthic Harpacticoid, Miraciidae, Cosmopolitan, Corals, Tioman Waters.
Scope of the Article: Oceanography