A Review of Challenges Facing Clinical Water Management in the Malaysian Context
Afiza Abdullah Suhaimi1, Niza Shamsuddin2, Mohd Armi Abu Samah3

1Afiza Abdullah Suhaimiis, Lecturer, Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Faculty of Engineering Technology, University Malaysia Pahang.
2Niza Samsuddin, Associate Professor, Biomedical Science, Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia.
Manuscript received on 14 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 10 July 2019 | Manuscript Published on 17 July 2019 | PP: 308-313 | Volume-8 Issue-1C2 May 2019 | Retrieval Number: A10500581C219/2019©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Given that clinical waste could cause environmental and health problems, an important subject that emerges concerns its management. This study employed a gap analysis approach to determine Malaysia’s challenges in relation to the management of clinical waste, as well as quo practices in the country. With the objective of analyzing the state of clinical waste management, some of the specific subjects that were investigated included recommendations, challenges, policies and legislation, technology, and the treatment of clinical waste. Notably, one of the crucial forces that were worth considering involved the economic status of the country, especially because of the role of this factor in determining trends in waste disposal and treatment. From the results, Malaysia needs an effective approach to clinical waste management, especially through healthcare establishments (HCEs). Also, the country needs a holistic approach involving steps such s the use of environmentally safe and sound technologies, occupational safety and health programs, and waste segregation and minimization.
Keywords: Healthcare Establishment, Hazardous Waste, Waste Management, Clinical Waste.
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology