Municipal Solid Waste Management in India with Special Reference to Bhimavaram Town in West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India
K.M. Ganesh1, A. Subrahmanyam Raju2, R. Subba Rao3
1K.M. Ganesh, Department of Civil Engineering, S.R.K.R. Engineering College, Bhimavaram (Andhra Pradesh), India.
2A. Subrahmanyam Raju, Department of Civil Engineering, S.R.K.R. Engineering College, Bhimavaram (Andhra Pradesh), India.
3R. Subba Rao, Department of Mathematics, S.R.K.R. Engineering College, Bhimavaram (Andhra Pradesh), India.
Manuscript received on 13 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 07 June 2019 | Manuscript Published on 15 June 2019 | PP: 263-269 | Volume-8 Issue-1S3 June 2019 | Retrieval Number: A10470681S319/2019©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Once the waste is collected from the different sectors of the community, the next problem to be addressed is regarding the safe, economical and efficient disposal options. Suitable decisions have to be made in this regard so as to avoid open and illegal dumping of wastes which are dangerous and threatening to the environment. The community has to weigh the different disposal options depending on several different criteria such as short-term start-up cost, long-term operational and maintenance cost, minimising the controversy over siting facilities, liability to the members of the community and minimizing environmental nuisance such as littering, odour, dust, noise, vermin and long-term benefits. One of the most noticeable environmental problem is accumulation of solid waste. Waste compostion, attributes and quantities of solid waste is necessary for which supplies the primary data on which the waste management structure is planned, designed and operate controlled, managed and designed disposal sites of municipal solid waste are the landfills, which spreading in layers, compacted to the smallest practical volume and covered by materials (soil) applied to prevent animal and vector attacks. A properly designed municipal solid waste landfill includes provision for leachate management (leachate is waste liquid that gathers pollutants as it trickles through municipal solid waste disposal landfill) and the possible collection of landfill gas and its potential use as an energy source. Leachate is created as rainfall lands on an uncapped landfill and percolates through the wastes. Rate of growth of per capita generation of solid waste is adopted as 2% for every year.
Keywords: Municipal Solid Waste Management, India Scenario, SWM Practices.
Scope of the Article: Simulation Optimization and Risk Management