Particulate Matter (PM 2.5) At Construction Site: A Review
Putri Shazlia Rosman1, Mohd Armi Abu Samah2, Kamaruzzaman Yunus3, Mohd Ramzi Mohd Hussain4

1Putri Shazlia Rosman, Kulliyyah of Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, Indera Mahkota, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang Malaysia.
2Mohd Armi Abu Samah, Kulliyyah of Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, Indera Mahkota, Kuantan, Pahang Malaysia.
3Kamaruzzaman Yunus, Kulliyyah of Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, Indera Mahkota, Kuantan, Pahang Malaysia.
4Mohd Ramzi Mohd Hussain, Ulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design, International Islamic University Malaysia, Gombak, Selangor.
Manuscript received on 14 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 10 July 2019 | Manuscript Published on 17 July 2019 | PP: 255-259 | Volume-8 Issue-1C2 May 2019 | Retrieval Number: A10430581C219/2019©BEIESP
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Abstract: In Malaysia, construction sector growing 8% to RM170 billion in 2017, 8.2 % or RM140 billion in 2015 and 7.4% t or RM166 billion in 2016.Construction activities at all phases of construction from land clearing to building structure generate particulate matter emission (PM) that causes health impact to human and environment. Many researchers have done to identify and classified the particulate matter from its source of origins emissions at construction site. PM2.5 is a fine particle is potential to enter lung and bloodstream and lead to death. The objective of this paper to identify the potential of PM2.5 release at construction site, effect to receptor who exposed to it and determine the other factor that contribute to distribute the PM2.5 at construction site. The construction activity proved to cause PM2.5 emission effect to human health and environment. Though, meteorology such as wind direction, temperature, humidity, pressure, wind speed not only factor need to be considerate that influences the distribution dispersion of PM2.5 but other factor such as chemical formation, dispersion process and removal mechanism need to be measured. CDC 2013 studies, showed every PM2.5 decreases of 10 ug/m3 of air it will decrease 15% in the risk of heart disease deaths. Malaysia showed the annual mean concentration of fine particulate matter in urban areas was exceeding the WHO air quality guideline with 17.3 ug/m3. The construction site needs to control and monitored its emission of particulate matter by having a proper schedule construction time management and modeling the distribution of PM2.5 at site.
Keywords: PM2.5, Construction Activities, Meteorology, Health Effect.
Scope of the Article: Construction Engineering