Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI): A Study in Indonesian on ASEAN
Wilson Bangun

Wilson Bangun, Faculty of Economics, Maranatha Christian University, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on 25 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 08 May 2019 | Manuscript Published on 17 May 2019 | PP: 207-212 | Volume-8 Issue-1S May 2019 | Retrieval Number: A10300581S19/2019©BEIESP
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Abstract: The level of poverty becomes a measure of the success or failure of a country in achieving human development. Poverty can be measured through a monetary approach by looking at income or consumption carried out by humans and capabilities that can be seen at the level of community welfare. To differentiate between groups of poor people or not based on the defined poverty line. MPI will be a comprehensive measure to see descriptions of people living below the poverty line through the dimensions of health, education, and decent living. Indonesia has a greater MPI value than Viet Nams and Thailand, but is smaller than Cambodia, Lao PDR, and Myanmar. This study aims to be able to compare poverty levels in Indonesia with ASEAN. This study also using explain research which is aims to verify ten indicators in the MPI in Indonesia. It usings a One-Sample Statistics in SPSS 24. This study uses secondary data obtained from the Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics, the World Bank, and from other sources. The results showed that the population of Indonesia included in the category of severe poverty is 1.24 percent, vulnerable to poverty is 9.105 percent, the highest figure is Myanmar, Cambodia, and Lao PDR. The intensity of lack is the average percentage of deficiencies experienced by the population living in multidimensional poverty is 40.46 percent, this figure is greater than Thailand and Viet Nams, but smaller than the Philippines, Myanmar, Cambodia, and Lao PDR. This research results also shows that each indicator of ten indicators to craete the MPI value of 0.06. Therefore, to reduce the level of poverty the Indonesian government must improve the education, health, and welfare systems of its people.
Keywords: Education; Health; Multy Poverty Index; Living Standard.
Scope of the Article: Smart Learning and Innovative Education Systems