Electronic Waste: Threats & Concerns of Disposal
Umesh Kumar1, D N Singh2
1Umesh Kumar, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering Science & Technology, GWP Ranchi, Tharpakhana, Ranchi (Jharkhand), India.
Dr. D.N. Singh, Joint Director, Department of Science & Technology, Bihar, cum Joint Secretary, SBTE, Bihar (Patna), India.
Manuscript received on 20 March 2014 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 March 2014 | Manuscript published on 30 March 2014 | PP: 75-84 | Volume-3 Issue-1, March 2014 | Retrieval Number: A1006033114/2014©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The development of electronic industry and electronic & electrical Equipments (EEE) has eased man’s life by automation at one end but has posed multiple threats at other end. The situation becomes critical when development alone is getting focus worldwide. Every product and its constituents which result in it have a life and stock. All efforts have to be made to preserve them and use in most optional ways. The situation when end of life of EEE products come we are left with two options, either to extend the life by reusing, recycling, extraction of constitutions and rebuilding or left with disposal options. The disposal of EEE can be result of accumulation of products from domestic market or from the exports from have ones in name of keeping their situation and environment safe. These disposable EEE have many toxic, hazardous substances which can be elemental or manmade. The manmade substances which are commonly known as organic substances are those who don’t get decomposed and even on burning leave traces and residues which persist in environment and make the world dirtier and hazardous. The study reveals that the preposition of degradation goes with industrialization, demographic preposition of areas concerned and primarily on non strictness/ absence of the regulatory & monitoring enforcement agencies. The situation has not gone to worse and if one takes stringent measures even now, the world still can be made / retained safer to live in with sustained development keeping in mind that madness for automation is not the need of hour but existence and multiple threats and concerns which are griping us are the main concerns. The banned substances use in product manufacturing must be stopped. Use of environment friendly constituents and permitted components will give rise to safe products. The initiatives of buy back , extended producers responsibility must be exercised to maximum so that disposal is done in safe and highly technical manner in controlled and sustained environment causing very less or even no harm. The formal sectors role has to be highlighted and encouraged. General awareness among participants and public for the possible threats and concerns must be widely circulated.
Keywords: Telecommunication, Contamination, Electronics, Chlorinated, Organic, E-waste, Toxicity, Hazard.
Scope of the Article: Nano electronics and Quantum Computing