Definitions and Benefits of Distributed Generation Technologies
Pankita A Mehta1, Vivek Pandya2

1Pankita A Meha, Chandubhai S Patel Institute of Technology, Changa, India.
Manuscript received on 18 April 2012 | Revised Manuscript received on 25 April 2012 | Manuscript published on 30 April 2012 | PP: 103-111 | Volume-1 Issue-1, April 2012 | Retrieval Number: B0619052213/2012©BEIESP
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Abstract: The application of deregulation in the electric power sector and as a result of that, a new identity appeared in the electric power system map known as “distributed generation” (DG). Consistent with new technology, the electric power generation trend uses disbursed generator sized from kW to MW at load sits in preference to using traditional centralized generation units sized from 100MW to GW and situated far from the loads where the natural recourses are accessible. This paper introduces an appraisal of this revolutionary approach of DGs, which will change the way of electric power systems operate along with their types and operating technologies. Some important definitions of DGs and their operational constraints are discussed to help in understanding the concepts and regulations related to DGs. Furthermore, we will review the operational and economical benefits of implementing DGs in the distribution network. Most DG literatures are based on studying the definitions, constructions or benefits of DGs separately. Conversely, in our paper we aim to give a comprehensive review by adding new classifications to relate the DG types, technologies and applications to each other.
Keywords: Distributed Generation (DG), Fuel Cell (FC), Micro-turbine (MT), Photovoltaic (PV), Wind turbine (WT)

Scope of the Article: Next Generation Internet & Web Architectures