Characterization of Classified Indian Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP): In-Situ and Lab Density, Bitumen Content and Gradation Characteristics
Anil Kumar Yadava1, Syed Aqeel Ahmad2
1Anil kumar Yadava*, Assistant Engineer, Public Works Department, Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow (U.P.), India.
2Prof. Syed Aqeel Ahmad, Professor & Head, CED, Integral University, Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow (U.P.), India. 

Manuscript received on January 05, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on January 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on January 30, 2020. | PP: 4751-4762 | Volume-8 Issue-5, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: E6782018520/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.E6782.018520

Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite  | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: Reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) is the term given to removed and/or reprocessed pavement materials containing asphalt and aggregates. These materials are generated when asphalt pavements are removed for reconstruction, resurfacing, or to obtain access to buried utilities. When properly crushed and screened, RAP consists of high-quality, well-graded aggregates coated by asphalt cement. Process of utilization of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) is called recycling of asphalt pavement. RAP material is generated when old, damaged pavement materials are milled and crushed for addition as a component to new mixtures placed in the pavement structure. Historically, old pavement material was removed and disposed of in landfills. As land filling these materials has become less practical and more expensive and the availability of quality virgin materials declines, the addition of RAP to pavement mixtures has become more and more prevalent. Recycling of pavement material can be done as an in-place process or a central plant process. The in-place process combines the reclamation, mixing, lay down, and compaction procedures into a single paving train in the field. In-place recycled materials are typically used for base or binder courses and are typically overlaid with a surface course. The central plant process involves stockpiling RAP at the asphalt plant, which is then mixed with virgin materials at the plant and trucked to the construction site for lay down and compaction. Use of RAP in road construction will reduce depletion of virgin aggregates resources and also overcome to disposal problem of bituminous wastes. It is required to access properties of RAP aggregate and recovered bitumen before using in actual road pavements. RAP samples collected and a series of tests are performed for characterization and performance evaluation of selected RAP samples of different groups. In this study characterization of RAP limited to in-situ and lab density along with bitumen content and gradation of RAP classified in different groups. Results of this study will be beneficial in job mix formula (JMF) design with varying percentage of RAP to be use in bituminous layer in flexible pavements. This study is a step towards sustainable developments with green road construction i.e. construction of flexible pavement with environmental protection and conservation of natural resources.
Keywords: Rap, Reclaimed, Recycling, Aggregates, Bitumen, Bituminous Mix, Asphalt, Characterization, Performance, Density, Bitumen Content, Gradation.
Scope of the Article: Measurement & Performance Analysis.