Prediction of Soil Texture Distributions by using PLSR and Reflectance Spectroscopy
Pratiksha P. Shete1, Ratnadeep R. Deshmukh2

1Pratiksha P. Shete, PG Student, Department of Computer Science & IT, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad (MS), India.
2Ratnadeep R. Deshmukh,Professor, Department of Computer Science & IT, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad (MS), India.

Manuscript received on 05 August 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 12 August 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 7876-8781 | Volume-8 Issue-3 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: C6558098319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C6558.098319

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Abstract: The texture of soil i.e. Sand, Silt and Clay are the most important physical properties of soil for agricultural management. In the agricultural practices to increase the productivity of soil, moisture-holding capacity, aeration and to support the agronomic decisions the knowledge of soil texture is an essential task. For this purpose, the present research gives better results and fast acquisition of soil information with the use of Visible and Near Infrared (Vis- NIR) Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy. A total of 30 soil samples from two different locations from Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India were collected and analyzed for soil texture. To detect the soil texture the Vis-NIR DRS has shown levels of accurate results compared to the traditional laboratory method with less time, cost and effort. To measure the reflectance of soil the ASD FieldSpec4 Spectroradiometer (350-2500nm) was used. By the observation of captured spectra by using Spectroradiometer it showed that on the basis of different textural classes the soil samples could be spectrally separable. For database collection and pre-processing, we have used RS3 and ViewSpec Pro software respectively. The statistical analysis by using the combination of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Partial Least Square Regression method gives accurate results. To determine the texture of soil sample thirteen features were calculated. The main goal of this research was to determine the soil texture by using statistical methods and to test the performance of VNIR-SWIR reflectance spectroscopy by using the ASD FieldSpec4 Spectroradiometer for estimation of the texture of the soil. The results showed that R2 = 0.99 gives maximum accuracy for clay content and R2 = 0.988 for silt content and R2 = 0.989 for sand. The Root Mean Square Values (RMSE) for clay, silt, and sand are 0.02392, 0.02399 and 0.02289 respectively. With the use of reflectance spectroscopy and statistical analysis by using regression models we can determine the soil properties accurately in very less time.
Keywords: ASD FieldSpec4 Spectroradiometer, PCA, PLSR, Soil Texture, Vis-NIR Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy.

Scope of the Article:
Regression and Prediction