Exploiting Solar Thermal Energy in Ammonia Synthesis Plant
M. Dmarany1, M. H. M. Hassanien2, Alaa-Eldin Adris3
1M. Dmarany, Process Engineer, Department of Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering, Faculty of Petroleum and Mining Engineering Suez University, Suez, Egypt.
2M. H. M. Hassanien, Professor of Chemical Engineering, Department of Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals Engineering, Faculty of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, Suez University, Suez, Egypt.
3Alaa-Eldin Adris, Professor of Energy Engineering, Petroleum and Energy Engineering Department, School of Sciences and Engineering, the American University in Cairo, Cairo, Egypt.

Manuscript received on November 15, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 23, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 30, 2019. | PP: 1721-1729 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: C5764098319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C5764.118419

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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Energy Is Always Becoming A Key Factor In The Process Of Achieving Any Sort Of Sustainable Development, With Respect To The Drastic Increase In The Global Energy Consumption Throughout The Past Few Decades, Accompanied With The Well-Established Relation Between The Technological Advancement And The Patterns Of Energy Consumption (1). Abundant As Well As Cheap Energy Resources Have Always Fueled The Growth And Development Of Modern Societies. Furthermore, Maintaining A Sustainable Yet Secured Source Of Energy Is Always A Crucial Challenge Nowadays In Order To Achieve Sustainability On All Levels, Economic, Social And Environmental. Medium Temperatures Applications Of Solar Thermal Practices Have Undergone A Remarkable Interest Recently In Various Industrial Sectors. Solar Concentrating Systems Could Properly Serve In Applications And Practices With Temperature Ranges From 85 To 250°C, Taking Their Sun Light Focusing Characteristic And High Thermal And Optical Performance As An Advantage(2). This Research Paper Introduces A System For Solar Energy Heating That Could Be Utilized For Heating Applications And Practices Inside The Oil And Gas Industry. First, The Proper Selection Of The Appropriate Solar System That Could Be Used In Such Applications Was Performed. A Full Analysis Has Been Held On Four Different Mathematical Models In Order To Predict The Optical Efficacy And Thermal Losses For The Selected System, Afterwards The Predictions Are Modeled Using Computer Software For A Comparison With Respect To These Prediction And Numerical Data, Also A Practical Comparison Took Place Using Real Input Data From Experimental And Actual Solar Plants. After That, We Took The Approach To Make Good Use Of Solar Thermal Applications, After Selecting The Most Appropriate Solar Thermal Concentrators, Which Is Parabolic Trough Collectors (Ptc), To Increase The Process Gas Feed Temperature Before Entering The Primary Reformer Reactor In Ammonia Synthesis Plant. The Energy Assessment For The Ammonia Plant, The Engineering, Sizing And Simulation Cases And The Economic Study For The Project Showed A Remarkable Return On Investment.
Keywords: Solar Energy, Parabolic Trough Collectors, Solar Thermal Applications, Ammonia Synthesis, Energy Saving, Methane Steam Reforming.
Scope of the Article: Thermal Engineering.