An Intelligent Stingless Bee System with Embedded IOT Technology
Mustafa Man1, Wan Aezwani Wan Abu Bakar2, Muhammad Azri Bahruddin Bin Abdul Razak3
1Mustafa Man, School of Informatics & Applied Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu,  Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia.
2Wan Aezwani Wan Abu Bakar, Faculty of Informatics & Computing, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Besut Campus,  Besut, Terengganu, Malaysia.
3Muhammad Azri Bahruddin Bin Abdul Razak, School of Informatics & Applied Mathematics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia.

Manuscript received on 15 August 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 25 August 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 264-269 | Volume-8 Issue-3 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: C4124098319/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C4124.098319
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Abstract: Stingless bee is one of the bees that produce expensive honey because stingless bee only produces less than 1kg honey per year. Due to improper management and security been imposed, stingless beehive is continuously been targeted by thief for its valuable honey production. The bee farmer also is facing difficulty in tracking and monitoring the number of their beehives that are scattered in certain area in their farm. Taking serious consideration on a good quality of honey production, temperature is the major issues to concern. Honey production can be affected by extreme temperature. When the temperature is too high, the stingless bees become irritable or contradictory, when temperature is too low, the stingless bees become motionless. Therefore, the need for continuously tracking and monitoring of the beehive is crucial to conserve the quality honey production. The objective of the research is to analyze the suitable temperature for bee productivity. Next is to design a system that gives ability for the bee farmer in monitoring of their bee hive from anywhere and anytime via web based. This paper presents the development of an IOT technology in our targeted stingless beehive system at Nature n Trigona Garden, a stingless bees company in Kemaman, Terengganu, Malaysia. We develop a device which is coded using Arduino IDE 1.8.9 underlying with a sensor and microcontroller with a low battery powered, and installed at each particular beehive. The results shows that our design and implementation of the IOT devices in each beehive has achieved a success. The main contribution of this research is such that the bee farmer is able to monitor their beehive in real time as well as the system can trigger notification to user when any abnormal incidents happens to their hive.
Index Terms:  Stingless, Beehive, Honey, Arduino

Scope of the Article: IOT