Model Dispersion Analysis of Circular Waveguide in Normal and Reverse Boundary Condition
N. Shamini1, K. Deepak2, Y. N Phua3

1Shamini Pillay, Department of Engineering, Multimedia University Cyberjaya, Malaysia.
2Deepak Kumar, Department of Computing and Informatics Multimedia University, Cyberjaya Malaysia.
3Phua Yeong Nan, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman UTAR, Kajang , Malaysia.
Manuscript received on 26 September 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 05 October 2019 | Manuscript Published on 22 October 2019 | PP: 83-87 | Volume-8 Issue-3S October 2019 | Retrieval Number: C10161083S19/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C1016.1083S19
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Abstract: The dispersion characteristics of the circular step index fiber with helical windings between the core-cladding region is investigated. Sheath helix is wounded between the core and cladding using two directions, namely in the clock wise and anticlockwise direction. Substituting the field components into the modified boundary conditions due to the addition of the helical windings the modal characteristics are derived for both fibers. Representations of the helical windings are done by using normal boundary conditions and reverse boundary conditions. The Eigen equation is obtained in the form of Bessel functions and modified Bessel functions for both the waveguides. The dispersion curves are plotted for two specific pitch angles ψ=0° and ψ=90 for each fiber and the results are compared. The direction of wrapping the helical material results in a change in the dispersion properties with regards to the way the modes propagate in both fibers. These changes are seen by the presents and absence of (1) band gap,(2) splitting of modes and (3) adjacent modes depending on the direction and pitch angle of the helical windings. Results obtained in this work suggest that direction and pitch angle of the helical winding are parameters that are able to control the behavior of the modes. 
Keywords: Bessel Function, Circular Step Index Fiber, Helical Winding, Dispersion Characteristic.
Scope of the Article: Predictive Analysis