Modeling of Liquid Hot Metal Sloshing in Ladles During Transportation by Locomotives (A Bond Graph Method)
Abhijit Roy1, Anup Kumar Saha2

1S Abhijit Roy, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur (West Bengal), India.
2Anup Kumar Saha, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur (West Bengal), India.
Manuscript received on 20 September 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 06 October 2019 | Manuscript Published on 11 October 2019 | PP: 548-551 | Volume-8 Issue-2S10 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: B10970982S1019/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.B1097.0982S1019
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Abstract: Safe and secure transportation of liquid hot metal in steel plants is very challenging. About ninety percent of transportation is by means of locomotives. Sloshing is a common phenomenon in open container liquid transportation due to external excitation. Non-linear sloshing dynamics of liquid hot metal in ladle due to locomotive movement is the prime consideration of this paper. Liquid hot metal inside the ladle has been considered in the line of an equivalent mechanical system. Resulting forces and moments acting on the ladle inside wall are considered equal in all senses. An equivalent mechanical dynamic system representation of sloshing by bond graph modellinghas been formulated by keeping records in a satisfactory way.Future research scopes has been identifiedin parallel with an outline mapped. Hot metal liquid has two distinct components of the hydrodynamic pressure in consideration of rigid containershas been identified. Bottom segment of the molten metal column moves unison with the ladleandis directlyproportional with the acceleration of the ladle. Whereas the second one ‘convective’ pressure at the free surface, particularly experiences the sloshing tendency due to external forces.
Keywords: Bond graph Dynamics Locomotives Modeling Simulation Sloshing.
Scope of the Article: Metallurgy