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Volume-6 Issue-3

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Volume-6 Issue-3, July 2017, ISSN:  2277-3878 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

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Dhammakar Dhammanand Chandrakant, Arjun. R. Vasatkar

Paper Title:

Investigation for Finding out Difficulties in Construction of High Rise Building & Suggest Remedial Measures to Expedite the Execution Process of Activities

Abstract:  High-rise buildings are designed with all modern & luxuries amenities for giving comfort & happy life style to buyers. The service lines & setup of infrastructure required for providing amenities are normally provided in basements. Such like, parking, CCTV Control room, Drivers room, Society office, Rooms for servants, Toilets for Drivers, Servants & maintenance staffs. Electrical Transformers, UG Tank, Fire fighting tanks, STP etc. Therefore basement of high rise building is very important part of building. Developer, Architects & Engineers are very much conscious about construction activity involved in basement as it is underground structure. In basements activities especial care to be taken because activities involved such like waterproofing, raft, footings & retaining wall includes. Membrane coatings for waterproofing of RCC elements are presently getting used in most of high-rise buildings. To stop entry of water in basements, waterproofing is needed to get done to horizontal & vertical plane that is, to retaining wall in vertical plane & below raft in horizontal plane. Due to rounded section of shore piles in vertical plane level surface to fix waterproofing membrane is not possible to get. So to make level surface plume concrete wall (PCW) is required to construct. It is observed during case study that, construction of plume concrete wall (PCW) required for fixing waterproofing membrane is time consuming activity. The object of this study is to expedite construction activity of plume concrete walls by finding out another option to plume concrete wall. Also to suggest new material of constructing PCW & reduce PCW construction duration & cost. On basses of case study at project site, Second option of “Skin wall” Construction instead of “Plume concrete wall” is suggested.

 Plum concrete wall (PCW), Skin wall (SWC), Waterproofing Membrane, Shore Piles, Basement, Retaining wall.


1.       Saurabh Borle, Ghadge “Comparative Study of Conventional and Modern Waterproofing Techniques “2016, pp.:32-36,Department of Civil Engineering, Sardar Patel College of Engineering, Andheri (W), Mumbai-58, India
2.       Ar. Soma Anil Mishra, Ar. Prakool Soni, Dr.R.K. Pandit

3.       “Waterproofing systems in building construction “pp.: 21-23,

4.       IJCRD PISSN:2321-2241 Volume: 3; Issue: 1; July -2014

5.       Jan Ślusarek,”Surface waterproof protection of concrete structures, Civil Engineering Faculty, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland. 2007,Volume 10,Issue ,Topic,CIVIL engineering

6.       Roslan Talib, A Ghafar Ahmad & M Zailan Suleiman, “Practical building defect solutions; construction failures to be avoided Real case studies selected from Malaysian buildings” Volume 3, No.7, July 2015, International Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering, Research.

7.       Dhiren J Panchal, Nehal H Shah, Chirag R Sindhav, Chaitanya Joshi, Awadhesh Chauhan, Waterproofing Challenges and Suggested Remedial Measures for High Rise Buildings”.pp.:98-103. A Case Study IJSRD - | Vol. 3, Issue 10, 2015.

8.       Navrit Bhandari, Col. Harry Sidhu, Dr. Sanjay K Sharma, “To Determine the Efficacy of Crystalline Waterproofing System in Concrete”, pp.:2129-2134 (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056, Volume: 03 Issue: 08 | Aug-2016 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072.

9.       K.K. Tan, M.Y.L. Chew and N.H. Wong , “Effects of plant roots on waterproofing membrane”. International Journal on Architectural Science, Volume 8, Number 3,
pp.:76-88, 2011Department of Building, School of Design and Environment, National University of Singapore.

10.    Tames, Florin-L., Tuns loan, “Modern Method to Waterproofing Rehabilitation for Building Infrastructure pp.:109-114, Journal of Applied Engineering Sciences”Vol. 2(15), Issue 2_2012, ISSN 2247- 3769 Issn-L 2247- 3769 (Print) / E-Issn: 2284-7197.

11.    Abhishekji G H, Lokesh J K “Evaluation of Different Kinds of Integral Water Proofing Compounds as Per IS Codes” PP.:107-112, International journal of innovative research in science, Engineering and Technology (An ISO 3297: 2007 Certified Organization) Vol. 5Special Issue 9May 2016.

12.    Navrit Bhandari, Dr. Sanjay Sharma, Col.Harry Sadhu “Treating Dampness with Crystalline Waterproofing System”PP.119-122, Dept. of Civil Engineering, National
Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research Chandigarh (U.T) India.

13.    Alim Feizrakhmanovich Kemalov, Ruslan Alimovich Kemalov, Dinar “Structural Dynamic Study of Roof Waterproofing Materials” pp.:115-116, Modern Applied Science; Vol. 8, No. 5.Published by Canadian Centre of Science and Education.






Saravanan S, Ruban Daniel V, Karuppasamy R

Paper Title:

Effects of Various Slenderness Ratio and Aspect Ratio on FRP Wrapped Axially Loaded RC Capsule Column

Abstract: This paper presents results of experimental investigation on the behaviour of axially loaded capsule shaped columns that have been strengthened with Glass Fibre Reinforced polymer and Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer with different wrapping patterns. Twelve capsule shaped columns were casted and tested under axial compression. One set of columns have been made with aspect ratio 2.53and with two different slenderness ratios. The second set of columns has been made with aspect ratio 2.1and with two different slenderness ratios. Eight out of twelve columns were confined with one layer and two layers of GFRP and CFRP wrap patterns. Based on the axial compression testing the columns it can be concluded that the lower the slenderness ratio and higher the no of layers and aspect ratio obtained the more strength and ductility.

CFRP, GFRP, confined, Strengthening, Axial compression.  


1.    M.N.S. Hadi (2007) ‘Behaviour of FRP strengthened concrete columns under eccentric compression loading’, Elsevier-Composite Structures 77, 92–96.
2.    R. Kumutha, R. Vaidyanathan , M.S. Palanichamy (2007) ‘Behaviour of reinforced concrete rectangular columns strengthened using GFRP’, Elsevier- Cement & Concrete Composites 29 609–615.

3.    J L Pan, T Xu, Z J Hu (2007) ‘Experimental investigation of load carrying capacity of the slender reinforced concrete columns wrapped with FRP’, Elsevier-Construction and Building Materials, pp.1991-1996.

4.    Li J, Hadi MNS (2003) ‘Behaviour of externally confined high strength concrete columns under eccentric loading’, Jurnal of Composite Struct 62(2):145–53.






Ebenezer Komla Gavua, Seth Okyere-Dankwa, Collinson Colin Agbesi

Paper Title:

A Digital Resource System on HDFS

Abstract: The issue of managing digital resources has become a major concern for educational and research institutions expanding with research laboratories, schools and departments. Some of these institutions have a major challenge as to how to manage huge quantities of educational resources required for research, teaching and learning. It is due to this challenge that this paper sought to design and implement a digital resource management system on the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS). The main model implemented in the development of the system was the incremental and iterative model. The development of the application took into consideration the user requirements and what the system sought to achieve after implementation. The system’s architecture is divided into various levels and these are the user, systems management, data storage and infrastructural levels. The development of this application was focused on the systems management level. The system integration was achieved by connecting MYSQL database server with HDFS through the utilization of sqoop. Security features were implemented on the system to protect the system from attack. The system was tested to ensure that all the modules created were communicating perfectly and the system was producing the expected results.

 Digital library; Hadoop distributed file system, cloud storage.


1.       Borthakur, D. (2007) The Hadoop distributed file system: Architecture and design. http://hadoop.apache.org/.
2.       Fisher, W.(2002). The electronic resources librarian position: a public services phenomenon.

3.       Library Collections, Acquisitions, & Technical Services, 27,1, 3-17.

4.       Gantz et al.(2007) “The Expanding Digital Universe: A Forecast of Worldwide Information Growth Through 2010,” An IDC White Paper—sponsored by EMC.

5.       Ghemawat, S.  Gobioff, H. & Leung, S.(2003) The Google filesystem. In ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles.

6.       Han, Y.(2010) “On the Clouds: A New Way of Computing,” Information Technology & Libraries 29, no. 2: 87–92;

7.       Ipri,T.(2011) “Where the Cloud Meets the Commons,” Journal of Web Librarianship 5, no. 2 (2011)

8.       Itani,W., Kayssi, A.&  Chehab, A. (2009) “Privacy as a Service: Privacy-Aware Data Storage and Processing in Cloud Computing Architectures”, Eighth IEEE
International Conference on Dependable.

9.       Jordan, J. (2011)“Climbing Out of the Box and Into the Cloud: Building Web-Scale for

10.    Libraries,”        Journal     of  Library Administration 51, no. 1: 3–17, doi:10.1080/01930826.2011.531637.999

11.    Kroski, E.(2010) Library Cloud Atlas: A Guide to Cloud Computing and Storage | Stacking the Tech. Retrieved November 5, 2010, from Library Journal.com:

12.    Liu, C. & Xiao, H. (2009) The Construction and Operation of Digital Library Service based on Grid Technology Padhy S.C. & Mahapatra,R.K (2012)Cloud Computing : Academic Library in Orissa

13.    Salim, J., Yahya,Y.,  Rashid,N.R.M.,&  Othman,S. (2008) "Diglib: Gateway to Digital Libraries and Searchable Databases," The International Journal of Learning, vol. 14, pp. 715.

14.    Schatz., M.C.(2009) Cloud Burst:    highly      sensitive  read mapping           with         MapReduce.  Bioinformatics, 25(11):1363–1369.

15.    Shiri, A. (2003). "Digital library research: current developments and trends," Emerald Group Publishing Limited, vol. 52, pp. 198-202 .

16.    Skibiński, P. & Jakub Swacha, J.(2009) “The Efficient Storage of Text Documents in Digital Libraries,” Information Technology & Libraries 28, no. 3: 143–53.

17.    Turner              , N.(2009)                “Cloud     Computing: A Brief Summary”, Lucid Communications Limited,2009.Vaquero, L.M., Merino, L.R., Caceres, J. & Lindner, M. (2009)”A break in the clouds: towards a cloud definition,” ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review, 39(1).

18.    Wang, C.C., Pai, W.C. & Yen, N.Y. (2011). “A Sharable e-learning Platform Based on Cloud Computing”,3rd International Conference on computer Research and Development (ICCRD),pp.1-5,2011

19.    Wang, Y., Wen, X., Sun ,Y., Zhao, Z., & Yang, T.(2011)  “The Content Delivery Network System based on Cloud Storage”, IEEE.

20.    Wilder, S.J. (2002)   New hires in research libraries demographic trends and hiring priories. ARI, 221, 5.

21.    William Stallings, “Network Security Essentials: Applications and Standards”. Third Edition Yu, S., Gui, X., Huang, R., & Zhuang, W. (2011).  “Improving the storage efficiency of small files in cloud storage,” His-An Chiao Tung Ta Hsueh/Journal of Xi’an Jiaotong University, vol.45, no.6.

22.    Zhang, D., Zhu ,L.,&  Zhen-yu, H.,(2010) "Research of cloud storage technology for mobile terminal based on WEB, "Computer Engineering and Applications, vol. 46, No.36,pp. 66--69.

23.    Zhou, K., Wang, H. & Li C.(2010) "Cloud Storage Technology and Its Application," ZTE COMMUNICATIONS, vol. 16, No. 04,pp. 24-27





Aaron J. Gordon

Paper Title:

The Application of Information Technology Portfolio Management in an Academic Sector 

Abstract:  Portfolio management practices have been integrated into information technology departments as a means to improve project selection and contribute to the achievement of an organization’s strategic mandate. In particular, this discussion focuses on current literature aimed at information technology portfolio management (ITPM) in application to an academic sector. A scholarly perspective provides an overview of ITPM followed by a discussion on issues related to integration. This report recommends the importance of providing additional training on financial management and risk planning to those providing ITPM oversight. In addition is the need to recognize the relationship with change management due to the dynamic environment of technology and the importance of utilizing performance metrics. As ITPM continues to evolve and integrate into the academic sector, educational leaders become more equipped to make sound project decisions that support the organization’s goals and demonstrate fiscal responsibility.

Portfolio management, information technology, academic sector, project management.


1.       Badewi, A. (2015). The impact of project management (PM) and benefits management (BM) practices on project success: Towards developing a project benefits governance framework. International Journal of Project Management, 34(4), 761-778.
2.       Barsh, J., & Capozzi, M. (2008). Managing innovation risk. Strategic Finance, 89(10), 13-16.

3.       Calhoun, V. (2004). IT portfolio management. Armed Forces Comptroller, 49(3), 34-37.

4.       Caruso, D.  (2007). Application portfolio management: a necessity for future IT. Manufacturing Business Technology, 25(10), 48.

5.       Chabrow, E.  (2003). I.T. staffs lack financial chops for project analysis. InformationWeek, (932), 20.

6.       Cooper, R. G. (2013). Where are all the breakthrough new products? Using portfolio management to boost innovation. Research-Technology Management, 56(5), 25-33.

7.       Durbin, P., & Doerscher, T. (2010). Taming change with portfolio management. Austin, TX: Greenleaf Book Group Press.

8.       Jeffrey, M., Leliveld, I. (2004). Best practices in it portfolio management. MIT Sloan     Management Review, 45(3), 41-49.

9.       Kock, A., & Gemünden, H. G. (2016). Antecedents to decision-making quality and agility in innovation portfolio management. The Journal of Product Innovation Management, 33(6), 670-686.

10.    Kramer, L.  (2006). CIO challenge. Wall Street & Technology,42-43

11.    Levin, H. A. (2005). Project portfolio management (5th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

12.    McShea, M.  (2006). IT value management: creating a balanced program. IT Professional Magazine, 8(6), 31-37. Gabris, G. T., & Ihrke, D. M. (2001). Does performance appraisal contribute to heightened levels of employee burnout? Public Personnel Management, 30 (2), 157-172.

13.    Project Management Institute (2008). The standard for program management (2nd ed.). Newton Square, PA.

14.    Project Management Institute (2013). A guide to the project management body of knowledge (5th ed.). Newton Square, PA.

15.    Potts, C.  (2008). Tools for leading business change - enterprise architecture and IT portfolio management provide strategic tools for innovating and executing change. They are not about IT but about people, collaboration and culture. CIO, 21(22), 22.

16.    Teller, J., & Kock, A. (2013). An empirical investigation on how portfolio risk management influences project portfolio success. International Journal of Project Management, 31(6), 817-829.






Shailesh Kumar Pandey, Pardeep Gahlot, Vikas Rohilla, Manish

Paper Title:

A Review on Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum Alloy (7075)

Abstract: Friction stir welding is a solid state joining process and is extensively used for aluminium alloys. In a given work it was analyzed that how the tensile strength as well as microstructural behavior of AA7075 varies if the process parameter like axial pressure force, welding traverse speed and rpm of the FSW tool varies to butt weld of two pieces having length 100mm, width 50mm and thickness 6mm have been used. It was preferred friction stir welding process to obtain the particular result over traditional welding process because of no melt of piece, no toxic fumes and harmful radiation which is suitable for environment so FSW is eco-friendly welding process. It can be widely used   in aircraft, marine, automotive as well as railways industry because of eco-friendly in nature.

Friction stir welding, Welding speed, microstructure, Tensile strength, Rotational speed


1.       Acerra.F, Buffa.G, Fratini.L and Troiano.G "On the FSW of AA2024- T4 and AA7075-T6 T-joints: an industrial case study", International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology", Vol. 48, No. pp.1149–1157, 2010.
2.       Buffa, G., Hua, J., Shivpuri, R. and Fratini, L. "Design of the friction stir welding tool using the continuum based FEM model", Materials Science and Engineering: A", Vol. 419, No. 1–2, pp.381-388, 2006b.

3.       Cavaliere, P., Cerri, E. and Squillace, A. "Mechanical response of 2024-7075 aluminium alloys joined by Friction Stir Welding", Journal of Materials Science", Vol. 40, No. 14, pp.3669-3676, 2005.

4.       Colegrove, P. A. and Shercliff.H.R "3-Dimensional CFD modelling of flow round a threaded friction stir welding tool profile", Journal of Materials Processing Technology", Vol. 169, No. pp.320–327, 2005.

5.       Da Silva, M., A. A., Arruti, E., Janeiro, G., Aldanondo, E., Alvarez, P. and Echeverria, A. "Material flow and mechanical behavior of dissimilar AA2024-T3 and AA7075-T6 aluminium alloys friction stir welds", Materials & Design", Vol. 32, No. 4, pp.2021-2027,  2011.

6.       Fratini.L, Buffa.G, Palmeri.D, Hua.J and Shivpuri.R "Material flow in FSW of AA7075–T6 butt joints: numerical simulations and experimental verifications", Science and Technology of Welding and Joining", Vol. 11, No. pp.413-421, 2006.

7.       Khodir, S. A. and Shibayanagi, T. "Friction stir welding of dissimilar AA2024 and AA7075 aluminium alloys", Materials Science and Engineering: B", Vol. 148, No. 1-3, pp.82-87, 2008.

8.       Mahoney, M., Rhodes, C., Flintoff, J., Bingel, W. and Spurling, R. "Properties of friction-stir-welded 7075 T651 aluminium", Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A", Vol. 29, No. 7, pp.1955- 1964, 1998a.

9.       Rajakumar, S. and Balasubramanian, V. "Establishing relationships between mechanical properties of aluminium alloys and optimized friction stir welding process parameters", Materials & Design", Vol. 40, No. 10, pp.17-35, 2012.

10.    Rhodes, C. G., Mahoney, M. W., Bingel, W. H., Spurling, R. A. and Bampton, C. C. "Effects of   friction stir welding on microstructure of 7075 aluminium", Scripta Materialia", Vol. 36, No. 1, pp.69-75, 1997.

11.    Yan, J. and Reynolds, A. P. "Effect of initial base metal temper on mechanical properties in AA7050 friction stir welds", Science and Technology of Welding and Joining", Vol. 14, No. 4, pp.282-287,  2009.






Vikas Rohilla, Pardeep Gahlot, Adarsh Bhoria, Shailesh Kumar Pandey

Paper Title:

Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum Alloy (6082): A Review

Abstract: This  paper  focused on  the Mechanical and  Microstructural  changes  of aluminum  alloy 6082-T6  welded  joints  formed by Friction  Stir Welding  Technique  by varying process.  Parameters such as tool rotational speed, welding speed, shoulder geometries, tool tilt angleetc. This paper have not any Experimental procedure and values because it is only a Review to gain knowledge about the Mechanical and Microstructural changes and it’s Analysis. The effect of various process parameters on Micro hardness of the joints is also studied. As FSW joining takes place below the melting temperature of the base material Due   to which all the defects related to melting is automatically removed. The review helps   in   selection of important process parameters as the quality of weld joint depends on these welding input parameters and in optimization of these parameters.

Friction stir welding, Mechanical properties, process parameter, Microstructure process parameters.


1.    Debroy, T. Bhadeshia, H.K. D.H. friction stir welding of dissimilar alloys- A perspective Science technical Weld Join 2010, 15, 266-270 [cross ref.]
2.    Mishra RS, Mazy friction Stirs Welding and processing, Material Science and Engineering R. 2005; 50: PP 1-78.

3.    P. Cavaliere, A. Squillace and F. Panella, “Effect of welding parameters on mechanical and microstructure properties of AA6082 joints produced by friction stir welding, “Journal of materials processing technology, vol. 200, pp. 364-372, September  2007.

4.    Sakthivel T, Sengar G.S, Mukhopadhyay J., 2009. Effect of welding speed on micro structure and mechanical properties of friction stir welded aluminum International journals of Advanced Manufacturing Technology 43: 468-473.

5.    Scialpi, L.A.C. De Fillippis and P. Cavaliere, “Influence of shoulder geometry on microstructure and mechanical properties of friction stir welded 6082 aluminum alloy”, Materials and Design, Vol 28, PP. 1124-1129, April 2006.

6.    T. Minton and D.J. Mynors, “Utilisation of engineering workshop equipment for friction stir welding,” Journal of Material Processing Technology, vol. 177, pp. 336-339, 2006.

7.    Magdy M. El-RRayes and Ehab A. El-Danaf, “The influence of multi-pass friction stir processing on the micro structural and mechanical properties f aluminum alloy 6082,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 212, pp. 1157-1168, January 2012.

8.    P. Cavaliere, A. De Santis, F. Panella and A. Squillace, “Effect of welding parameters on mechanical and micro structural properties of dissimilar AA6082-AA2024 joints produced by friction stir welding,” Materials and Design, vol. 30, pp. 609-616, July 2008.






Abhishek Rajan, Akshay Krishnani, Siddharthsingh K. Chauhan

Paper Title:

Analyzing usage of Environmental Noise for Electricity Generation by Piezoelectric Systems

Abstract:  In recent years with increased industrialization as well as population growth, the demand of energy is increasing day by day and as a result of which, the conventional resources are declining. Hence, the need of replacing conventional sources by renewable energy has become an issue of great importance. Due to this, now the focus is to generate electrical energy from renewable sources and piezoelectricity is one of them. This paper projects a state of technology for generation of piezoelectricity from sound using piezoelectric materials.

 Piezoelectricity, sound energy, mechanical vibration, energy harvesting.


1.    Tanvi Dikshit, Dhawal Shrivastava, Abhijeet Gorey, Ashish Gupta, Parag Parandkar and Sumant Katiyal , “Energy Harvesting via Piezoelectricity” in BVICAM’s International Journal of Information Technology, July – December, 2010; Vol. 2 No. 2; ISSN 0973 – 5658.
2.    Davion Hill, Arun Agarwal, Nellie Tong, “Assessment of Piezoelectric Materials for Roadway Energy Harvesting” for California Energy Commission, January 2014, Contract Number: 500-11-029.

3.    Nathan S. Shenck and Joseph A. Paradiso, “Energy Scavenging With Shoe-Mounted Piezoelectrics” in IEEE Micro, May-June 2001, 0272-1732/01/$10.00 © 2001 IEEE.

4.    M. Marzencki, S. Basrour and B. Charlot, “Design, modelling and optimization of integrated piezoelectric micro power generators” in NSTI-Nanotech 2005, www.nsti.org, Vol. 3, 2005, ISBN 0-9767985-2-2.

5.    Federal Agency Review of Selected Airport Noise Analysis Issues, Federal Interagency Committee on Noise (August 1992) and source of the information is attributed to Outdoor Noise and the Metropolitan Environment, M.C. Branch et al., Department of City Planning, City of Los Angeles, 1970.

6.    E. Minazara, D. Vasic and F. Costa, “Piezoelectric Generator Harvesting Bike Vibrations Energy to Supply Portable Devices” in RE&PQJ, Vol. 1, No.6, March 2008.

7.    Haris Fazilah Hassan, Syed Idris Syed Hassan and Rosemizi Abd Rahim, “Acoustic Energy Harvesting Using Piezoelectric Generator for Low Frequency Sound Waves Energy Conversion” in Haris Fazilah Hassan et.al / International Journal of Engineering and Technology (IJET), Vol 5 No 6 Dec 2013-Jan 2014, ISSN : 0975-4024.

8.    Ahmadreza Tabesh, and Luc G. Fréchette, “Ultra Low Power Stand-Alone Circuitry for Harvesting Energy From A Micro-Power Piezoelectric Generator” in Proceedings of PowerMEMS 2008+ microEMS2008, Sendai, Japan, November 9-12, (2008).