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Volume-5 Issue-1

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Volume-5 Issue-1, March 2016, ISSN:  2277-3878 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

Page No.



Sagar Vairagar, Shubhangi Vairagar, Shyam Sunder Gupta

Paper Title:

Efficient Peer to Peer Content Sharing using Wi-Fi

Abstract:      As mobile environment is becoming popular; it becomes very effective and quick way of sharing user contents between users. This content sharing using Peer to peer scheme is limited due to the lesser distance factor and continuous availability of communication medium. Whenever large file size transfer is required, it requires more time and limitation on radius. Additionally content sharing is in plain format without any security considerations. Peer-to-peer networks offer several advantages over traditional client-server networking models like lack of connectivity to reliable hosts or servers and the use of inexpensive communication channel. Peer-to-peer network model has becoming popular in the wired broadband environment but not yet been effectively adapted to the mobile network environment. Many researchers are currently proposing and developing new P2P schemes for mobile environments with different wireless communication protocols. They are significantly adapted into applications such as the sharing of large files like multimedia and DB files between mobile devices. The peer-to-peer model based on mobile environment having several challenges like the limited on device processing power, limited memory, wireless data bandwidth, and available battery energy. With the proposed a peer-to-peer protocol, these specific constraints are addressed. This system also investigates the feasibility of a practical implementation of a peer-to-peer file sharing model of android smart phones using Wi-Fi technology. This includes an analysis of impacted performance by various variables that can be dynamically controlled in the protocol. Proposed work is done on leading Android platforms and found various optimal strategies which include minimizing the upload and download ratio to conserve battery life effectively, using flexible file segments to increase throughput, and decrease memory overhead.

Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, Peer-to-peer communication, wireless communication..


1.       Piotr K. Tysowski, Pengxiang Zhao, KshirasagarNaik, “Peer to Peer Content Sharing on Ad Hoc Networks of Smartphones”,In proceeding of: Proceedings of the 7th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference, IWCMC 2011, Istanbul.
2.       M. G. Williams, “Directions in Media Independent Handover”, IEICE Trans. Fundam. Electron. Commun. Comput. Sci., vol. E88-A, no. 7, pp. 1772–1776, 2005.

3.       R. Winter, T. Zahn, and J. Schiller, “Dynamo: A topology-aware p2p overlay network for dynamic, mobile ad-hoc environments”, Telecommunication Systems, vol. 27, no. 2, p. 321, 2004.

4.       Rowstron and P. Druschel, “Pastry: Scalable, decentralized object location, and routing for large-scale peer-to-peer systems”, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 2218, 2001.

5.       Datta, “Mobigrid: P2P overlay and MANET rendezvous — a data management perspective”, in CAiSE 2003 Doctoral Symposium”, 2003.

6.       K. Aberer, P. Cudr´e-Mauroux, A. Datta, Z. Despotovic, M. Hauswirth, M. Punceva, R. Schmidt, and J.Wu, “Advanced peer-to-peer networking: The p-grid system and
its applications”, PIK Journal - Praxis der Information sverarbeitung und Kommunikation, Special Issue on P2P Systems, 2003.

7.       Symbian OS, the mobile operating system. [Online]. Available: www.symbian.com

8.       R. Schollmeier, I. Gruber, and F. Niethammer, “Protocol for Peer-to-Peer  Networking in Mobile Environments,” in Computer Communications and   Networks, 2003. ICCCN 2003. Proceedings. The 12th International Conference on, 20-22 Oct. 2003, pp. 121–127.

9.       M. Matuszewski, N. Beijar, J. Lehtinen, and T. Hyyrylainen, “Mobile Peer-to-Peer content sharing application”, in Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, 2006. CCNC 2006. 2006 3rd IEEE, vol. 2, 8-10 Jan. 2006, pp. 1324–1325.

10.    T. Hakkarainen, V. Savikko, and A. Lattunen, “Generic engine for collaborative mobile applications,” in Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference WWW/Internet 2005 (ICWI2005), 2005, pp. 243 – 246.

11.    M. Bisignano, G. Di Modica, and O. Tomarchio, “JMobiPeer a middleware for mobile Peer-to-Peer computing in MANETs”, in Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, 2005. 25th IEEE International Conference on, 6-10 June 2005, pp. 785–791.
12.    G. Kortuem, J. Schneider, D. Preuitt, T. Thompson, S. Fickas, and Z. Segall, “When Peer-to-Peer comes face-to-face: collaborative Peer-to-Peer computing in mobile ad-hoc networks,” in Peer-to-Peer Computing, 2001. Proceedings. First International Conference on, 27-29 Aug. 2001, pp. 75–91.
13.    K. Kant, “An analytic model for peer to peer file sharing networks”, in IEEE International Conference on Communications, May 2003, pp. 1801 – 1805 vol. 3.

14.    Legout, G. Urvoy-Keller, and P. Michiardi, “Rarest First and Choke Algorithms Are Enough”, in IMC’06, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2006.

15.    Yang, X. et al, “Service capacity of peer to peer networks”, in 23rd Joint Conference of IEEE Computer and Communications, 2004.

16.    Hu, T. H. et al, “Supporting mobile devices in Gnutella file sharing network with mobile agents”, in 8th IEEE Int. Symposium on Computers and Communication, Sep. 2003, pp. 1035 – 1040 vol. 2.

17.    Dhurandher, S. K. et al, “A swarm intelligence-based p2p file sharing protocol using bee algorithm”, in IEEE/ACS Int. Conf. on Computer Systems and Applications, 2009.

18.    Asadi, M. et al, “A scalable lookup service for p2p file sharing in manet,” in Proc. of the 2007 Int. Conference on Wireless Comm. and Mobile Computing. New York, NY, USA: ACM, 2007.

19.    Huang, C.-M. et al, “A file discovery control scheme for P2P file sharing applications in wireless mobile environments,” in Proc. of the 28th Australasian Conference on C.S., 2005.






Yogesh Ramdas Mahulkar, C. M. Sedani

Paper Title:

Performance of Heat Pipes under Different Inclinations and Working Fluids

Abstract:    For various applications of heat pipes are widely used according to heat conductivity capacity of working fluid. Based on the heat pipe capacity, heat pipes used in cooling electronic industry for controlling temperature of electronic parts. Some applications need to apply heat pipes at various inclinations for cooling purpose. So need to study heat pipes at various inclinations for best results in working condition. Here we study different heat pipes at various inclinations using different working fluids for heat pipe. Among various fluids, methanol as working fluid establishes best result at high and low inclination. The configuration of evaporator section heated with hot water provided inside evaporator jacket and condenser section cooled with liquid at atmospheric passed inside condenser jacket.

 heat pipe, working fluid, inclination, screen mesh, phosphorus bronze...


1.       Amir Faghri, Review and Advances in Heat Pipe Science and Technology, Journal of Heat Transfer, ASME DECEMBER 2012, Vol. 134 / 123001-1.
2.       M. N. Khan, Sandeep Pathak, Parametric study of the performance of heat pipe- a review, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET), volume 4, Issue 1, January-February (2013), pp. 173-184.

3.       K. Mozumder1, A. F. Akon1, M. S. H. Chowdhury1 and S. C. Banik, PERFORMANCE OF HEAT PIPE FOR DIFFERENT WORKING FLUIDS AND FILL RATIOS, Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vol. ME 41, No. 2, December 2010.

4.       Xue Zhihu, Qu Wei, Experimental study on effect of inclination angles to ammonia pulsating heat pipe, Chinese Journal of Aeronautics, (2014), 27(5): 1122–1127.

5.       Per Wallin, Heat Pipe, selection of working fluid, Project Report MVK160 Heat and Mass Transfer May 7, 2012, Lund, Sweden.

6.       Maziar Aghvami, Amir Faghri, Analysis of flat heat pipes with various heating and cooling configurations, Applied Thermal Engineering 31 (2011) 2645e2655.

7.       R. Senthilkumar, S. Vaidyanathan and B. Sivaraman, Performance investigation of heat pipe using aqueous solution of n-Pentanol with different inclinations, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology 25 (4) (2011) 923~929 DOI 10.1007/s12206-011-0207-4.

8.       MOHAMED S. EL-GENK and LIANMIN HUANG, An experimental investigation of the transient response of a water heat pipe, Int J. Heat Mass Transfer. Vol.3 6, No. 15.&q 3823-3830,1993.






Yogesh Ramdas Mahulkar, C. M. Sedani

Paper Title:

Study of Parameters Affecting the Thermal Performance of Heat Pipe

Abstract:     The heat pipes are widely uses in many applications specially for cooling of electronic part industry and heat transfer industry. The need to study the capacity of heat pipe which changes according to applications and for better identification of the heat pipe for special application. Here we study the unlike heat pipes using dissimilar diameter, wire mesh layer and adiabatic section for diverse application of heat pipe. The heat pipe identified for use in special application with respect to its capability and limitation of heat pipe. Some heat pipe results in use for high capacity, low and high inclination, also according to limitations of heat pipe such as capillary limit, entrainment limit. The result detect the double wrapped screen wire mesh affords better result for each pipe diameter and adiabatic section. Also some modify in size of heat pipe diameter and adiabatic section have better than other heat pipe as changes observed in capillary limit and entrainment limit.

 heat pipe, capillary limit, entrainment limit, wrapped screen mesh, adiabatic section


1.     R.Manimaran, K.Palaniradja, N.Alagumurthi, J.Hussain, FACTORS AFFECTING THE THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF HEAT PIPE –A REVIEW, Journal of Engineering Research and Studies E-ISSN0976-7916.
2.     Leonard L. Vasiliev, Review Heat pipes in modern heat exchangers, Applied Thermal Engineering 25 (2005) 1–19.

3.     Per Wallin, Heat Pipe, selection of working fluid, Project Report MVK160 Heat and Mass Transfer May 7, 2012, Lund, Sweden.

4.     GEORGE FRANCHI and XIAO HUANG, Development of composite wicks for heat pipe performance enhancement, Heat transfer engineering, 29(10): 873-884, 2008.

5.     D. Somasundaram, A. Mani, M. Kamaraj, Numerical analysis of thermal performance of flat heat pipe, International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 16-19, 2012.

6.     Zesheng LU, Binghui MA, Equivalent thermal conductivity of heat pipes, Front. Mech. Eng. China 2008, 3(4): 462–466.

7.     Enertron engineer, Heat Pipe Selection, Revision 12/04/2001.

8.     Mohamed H.A. Elnaggar, M.Z. Abdullah, M. Abdul Mujeebu, Experimental analysis and FEM simulation of finned U-shape multi heat pipe for desktop PC cooling, Energy Conversion and Management 52 (2011) 2937–2944.






Karen Niña P. Escosura, Ma. Margarita V. Ortega, Marlen Joyce H. Tuazon, Rovilyn L. Carta, Roselito E. Tolentino

Paper Title:

Real-Time Detection of Single-Text Character Using the Integration of Extremal Region Filtering and Connected Component Filtering

Abstract:    Nowadays, among all the contents in images, text information is the most significant value, may it be in a documented text or in a real-world scene. Text detection and recognition in an image is an important task in image analysis. Due to different properties, text detection is a challenging part in an image where textual content are very important. The previous study by Neumann and Matas limits the text detection and recognition in at least three characters. To extend the detection and recognition, especially of single text characters, the proposed solution is to integrate the two methods, Extremal Region Filtering and Connected Component Filtering with Tesseract OCR Engine. Single–text character candidates are filtered by the Connected Component Filtering, wherein the regions extracted and region features from the two stages of Extremal Region Filtering are considered. With structural analysis, connected components with equal value and similar stroke width and stroke orientation are considered single–text character candidates. Character candidates are recognized by the Tesseract OCR engine.

 connected component, extremal region, single-text, Tesseract


1.       Neumann, L. and Matas, J. (2012). Real-Time Scene Text Localization and Recognition. USA: 25th IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition.
2.       Smith, R. (2007). An Overview of the Tesseract OCR Engine. IEEE

3.       Tian, Y. and C. Yi (2011). Text String Detection from Natural Scenes by Structure-based Partition and Grouping. IEEE,.

4.       Eikvil, L. (1993). OCR Optical Character Recognition.

5.       Matas, J., Chum, O., Urban, M. and Pajdla T. (2004). Robust Wide Baseline Stereo from Maximally Stable Extremal Regions.

6.       Halgaonkar, P.S. (2011). Connected Component Analysis and Change Detection for Images. India: International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology.

7.       Mithe, R., Indalkar, S. and Divekar, N. (2013). Optical Character Recognition. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering.

8.       Neumann, L. and Matas, J. (2011). Text Localization in Real-world Images using Efficiently Pruned Exhaustive Search. Czech Republic: Czech Technical University.

9.       Saabni, R. andZwilling, M. (2012). Text Detection and Recognition in Real World Images. International Conference on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition






Siti Norasmah Surip, Siti Ayuni Hamka

Paper Title:

Hybrid-Biodegradable Film Made From Polylactic Acid

Abstract:    In this experimental study, the biodegradability of PLA/EFB film with two different mixings; with and without lemongrass fibers (LG) were investigated by the landfill degradation. PLA/EFB film without the presence of lemongrass fibers showed the most significance of weight loss compared to the samples with the presence of lemongrass fibers. The highest weight loss percentage recorded in PLA:EFB:LG was in ratio 3 which is 8.42%. Meanwhile, in PLA:EFB, the highest weight loss percentage was recorded in ratio 3 (32.05%) and the lowest was in ratio 4 (19.22%). Ratio 1 acted as the comparison parameter in both composites mixing. Four different ratio of PLA/EFB showed significance improvement in Young’s modulus with ratio 4 had the highest reading (1492.2 MPa) and ratio 2 with the lowest reading (1021.1 MPa). In MOR, ratio 2 exhibited the highest reading (30.14 MPa) while ratio 4 with the lowest reading (9.49 MPa).

  Bio-composites, Lemon grass, Anti-microbial, Empty fruit bunches, Poly lactic acid.


1.       Guo W., Bao F., Wang Z. Biodegradability of Wood Fibers/poly(lactic acid) Composites. Journal of Composite Materials 2012; 47(28): 3573-3580.
2.       Kim H.S., Kim H.J., Lee J.W., et al. Biodegradability of Bio-flour Filled Biodegradable Poly(butylene succinate) Biocomposites in Natural and Compost Soil. Polymer Degradation and  Stability2006; 91: 1117-1127.

3.       Ochi S. Mechanical Properties of Kenaf Fibers and Kenaf/PLA Composites. Mechanics of Materials 2008; 40: 446-452.

4.       Oksman K., Skirfvars M., Selin J.F. Natural Fibers as Reinforcement in Polylactic Acid (PLA) Composites. Composites Science and Technology 2003; 63: 1317-1324.

5.       Tserki V., Matzinos P. and Parayiotou C. EWffect of Compatibilization on the Performance of Biodegradable Composites Using Cotton Fiber Waste As Filler. Journal of Applied Science 2003; 88: 1825-1835.

6.       Valdes A., Mellinas A. C., Ramos M, Garrigos M.C., Jimenez A. Natural Additives and Agricultural Wastes in Biopolymer Formulations for Food Packaging. Frontiers in Chemistry 2014; 2: 1-10.






A. Akilan, M. Boojith, R. G. Sree Krishna, V. Vijayanand

Paper Title:

Productivity Improvement by Lean Techniques in a Small Scale Industry

Abstract:    In our project, “Productivity Improvement by Lean Techniques,” undertaken in Unirols Airtex (P) Ltd, Coimbatore, the core objective is to improve the production capacity of the industry. In order to meet the demand one of the lean manufacturing tools 5S (Sort, Set in order, Shine, Standardize and Sustain) has been implemented successfully to ensure that the workspace is tidy, ergonomically efficient and capable of repeatable, quality output to achieve better efficiency. In addition to this technique, we also analyzed and optimized the layout of the industry using the software VIP-PLANOPT 2006 resulting in the improvement of overall productivity which helps the industry in meeting the demand.

 Lean tools, 5S, layout optimization, productivity.


1.       “An Application of Production Excellence through Value Flow” –vol.1 and issue 6 June 2014 by Ravindra Ojha, Sanjay Katyal , Sanjay Sethi published in Industrial Engineering Journal. ISSN: 0970-2555.
2.       “Design improvement in facility layout through Non-Traditional Algorithms” – vol,1 and issue number 8 August 2014 by Vadivel S.M and Amirthagadeswaran K.S published in Industrial Engineering Journal. ISSN: 0970-2555.

3.       “Efficiency Improvement of a Plant Layout” – Vol.3, issue 4, April 2014 by Vivekanand.S et al., published in International Journal of Innovative Research in Science,Engineering and Technology. ISSN: 2319-8753.

4.       “A Survey on Lean manufacturing implementation in Malaysian Automotive Industry” – Vol.1, No.4, October 2010. ISSN: 2010-0248.

5.       “Implementation of 5s Methodology in the Small Scale Industry: A Case Study” by R.S.Agrahari et al., published in International Journal of Science and Technology research volume 4 Issue 04,April 2015. ISSN: 2277-8616.

6.       “Investigation of Lean Tools to Enhance Productivity in Manufacturing Sector” - vol.3 (3), July, 2013 by Ritesh R. Bhat, Raviraj R. Shetty published in International Journal of Advances in Engineering Sciences.ISSN: 2231-2013.

7.       “Productivity Improvement through Lean Deployment & Work Study Methods” – vol.3 and issue 2 Feb-2014 by Prathamesh P. Kulkarni, Sagar S. Kshire, Kailas V. Chandratre published in International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology. ISSN: 2321-7308.

8.       “Productivity Improvement of an Industry by Implementing Lean Manufacturing Principles” – vol.3, Special Issue 3, March 2014 2014 by S. Krishna Kumari, A.N.Balaji, R.Sundar published in International Conference on Innovations in Engineering and Technology. ISSN: 2347-6710.

9.       “5S for operators – 5 pillars of the visual workplace” by the Productivity Press Development Team, Productivity Press, New York (USA).






Juan Ochoa Aldeán, José Cuenca Granda, Byron Solórzano Castillo, Julio Romero Sigcho

Paper Title:

Implementation of A Long Distance Radio Link using Low-Costhardware

Abstract:     The long distance links with low-cost hardware have been used to interconnect rural populations in places where incumbents fail, and it is a global initiative for developing countries. This initiative has been promoted by various agenciesas: TIER, ICTP, ESLARED Foundation. This article describes the implementation of a radio link between the Villonaco Hill and the National University of Loja, using the experience gained by various agencies in the development of WiFi-based Long Distancetechniques. WiLD network with links as long as 50-100 km have the potencial to provide connectivity at substantially lower costs than traditional approaches. However, real-world deployments of such networks yield very poor end-to-end performance. First, the current 802.11 MAC protocol has fundamental shortcomings when used over long distances. Second, WiLD networks can exhibit high and variable loss characteristics, thereby severely limiting end-to-end throughput. In the implementation was used thewell-known Linksys WRT54G routers, where the factory firmware was replacedfor DD-WRT firmware. We also present the feasibility of the radio link through Radio Mobile Software, and the results using the PING command.

 WiLD, IEEE 802.11, DD-WRT, Radio Mobile.


1.        R. Patra, S. Nedevschi, S. Surana, A. Sheth, L. Subramnian, E. Brewer, WiLDNet: Design and Implementation of High Performance WiFi Based Long Distance
Networks, USENIX NSDI, April 2007.

2.        B. Sklar, Digital Communications Fundamentals and Aplication, 2nd ed., Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2001.

3.        J. S. Seybold, Introduction to RF Propagation, Wiley, 2005.
4.        http://www.cplus.org/rmw/rme.html.

5.        http://www.dd-wrt.com

6.        https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/WRT54G