Analysis of Engine Radiator Performance at Different Coolant Concentrations and Radiator Materials
Hiyam Adil Habeeb1, Ahmed Esmael Mohan2, Nor Ayu Mohamad Norani3, Mohd Azman Abdullah4, Mohd Hanif Harun5
1Hiyam Adil Habeeb, is with the Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University, Technical College Al-Mussaib, Babylon, Iraq.
2Ahmed Esmael Mohan, is with the Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University, Technical College Al-Mussaib, Babylon, Iraq.
3Nor Ayu Mohamad Norani, is with the Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia.
4Mohd Azman Abdullah*, is with the Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia.
5Mohd Hanif Harun, is with the Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on March 12, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on March 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on March 30, 2020. | PP: 2664-2669 | Volume-8 Issue-6, March 2020. | Retrieval Number: F7866038620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.F7866.038620
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Functioning as a cooling system, a radiator is an essential component in reducing the temperature of an internal combustion engine (ICE) of a vehicle by absorbing the heat and dissipated it into the air. With good and effective radiator, the engine will perform at optimized condition. In this study, the performance of radiator was analyzed at different radiator materials and coolant concentrations. A spark ignition (SI) 1.5L engine radiator system was used at 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% and 60% ethylene glycol coolant concentrations. The simulation of heat transfer was performed on different fins material, aluminum, brass and copper using commercial available finite element analysis (FEA) software. Promising results showed that, copper fins was the best among the materials. It is also observed that the lower the coolant concentration, the better the performance of the radiator in reducing the ICE temperature.
Keywords: Radiator, Coolant, SI Engine, Ethylene Glycol, Finite Element Analysis.
Scope of the Article: Software Domain Modelling and Analysis.