Impact of Sea on Indian Life and its reflections in Contemporary Literatures
Sethulekshmi J.R.1, T. G. Manoharan2

1Sethulekshmi J.R., Researcher Department of Commerce and Management, Amrita School of Arts and Sciences, Amritapuri.
2T. G. Manoharan, Assistant Professor (Sr. Gr.) Department of Commerce and Management Amrita School of Arts and Sciences, Amritapuri.

Manuscript received on April 30, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on May 06, 2020. | Manuscript published on May 30, 2020. | PP: 1644-1649 | Volume-9 Issue-1, May 2020. | Retrieval Number: F7569038620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.F7569.059120
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Abstract: This paper is intended to present the impact of sea on the socio-economic life of the nation by assessing the contribution of three most important sectors associated with sea. They are marine fishing and fish production, foreign trading marine products and marine transport and sea port and marine tourism. The study is based on the secondary information available from the contemporary literature related to marine studies. The review of these literatures revealed that even though many studies have been conducted various aspects of sea and its impact on Indian life but there is no serious studies about the impact on three most important sectors such as marine fishing, foreign trade and beach tourism on the socio-economic life of the people. This context is necessitated to undertake the study. The importance of sea on the human life has been narrated in the first part of the paper bringing out its contribution on the socio-economic edifies of the Indian life. The paper has examined the contribution of marine fishing and fish production to the life of India in terms of its employment provision, income generation and socio-economic development of the fisher folk. The secondary data is the source for analysing these problems and which has been extended to study the sectors of the foreign trade and the beach tourism. In foreign trade we have understood the relevance of marine exports and maritime transport on the socio economic development of the country and their contribution on the life of the people. The development of more seaport and sea transports are essential to make the country in a competitive position in the international scenario. The much needed foreign exchange reserve can be enhanced through this process along with millions of new employment opportunities to the people of the country. In beach tourism we have clearly stated the importance of beach tourism, one of the most developing tourism destinations globally. India as a nation has immense potential to attract foreign tourists towards this enchanting tourism product. But much more care should be needed for the development of infrastructure in the Indian beaches to provide an international standard. This sector has been providing foreign exchange earnings to the nation as well as direct and indirect employment it to millions of Indians. Even though the central and state governments have been providing budgetary and other statutory assistance to the development of beach as potential tourism destinations. These steps seems to be inadequate. 
Keywords: Marine Fishing, Fishing Communities, Foreign trade, Beach tourism, Socio-economic life.
Scope of the Article: Socio-economic life