Integrated Earthquake and Landslide Monitoring Over Wireless Sensor Network
1ThNanao*, Electronics and Communication Engineering,Manipur Institute of Technology, Imphal, India.
2RomeshLaishram, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Manipur Institute of Technology, Imphal, India.
Manuscript received on November 19, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 29 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 9594-9599 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D9976118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D9976.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Natural disasters have mercilessly devastated our lives in so many different terms. The impact of Earthquake and landslides are very severe because of their unpredictability. To alleviate the problem early warning system plays an important role. In this paper, we proposed an integrated earthquake and landslide monitoring system overthewireless sensor network. The Wireless Sensor Network is programmed to acquire the data, which is monitored and controlled centrally or independently and can be distributed widely in a random or planned deployment. By detecting suspicious indications such as tremor or landslides through sensor nodes, the system provides information to the monitoring and warning station. The processing unit is composed of arduino and Sensors such as 4.5 Flex Sensor, Capacitive Soil Moisture Sensor and a3-Dimensional Accelerometer are used in the proposed system to monitor landmass displacement/movement, the moisture level of the soil and the vibrations for earthquakes respectively. An RF module, XBee S2C is used which provides wireless communication with a range of about a 1 km line of sight and 60 meters indoor. The real-time data can be accessed via the internet. It will be powered from a 12V 20W solar panel with rechargeable Li-Ion Battery and fitted with necessary protection and charging circuit boards. The proposed system can be used in earthquake and landslide prone area to avoid damages to life and property in the area of operation by providing crucial information and further warning for any disastrous development. The proposed system is implemented through experiments and proved to be effective.
Keywords: Arduino, Earthquake Monitoring, IoT, Landslide Monitoring, Wireless Sensor Network.
Scope of the Article: Energy Harvesting and Transfer for Wireless Sensor Networks.