Impact of Glass Ceiling on Stress, Well-Being, Self-Esteem, Effective Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction among Working Women
AbdulSattar Abulbaqi Al-Azzawi1, Makarand Upadhyay2, Nishi Tyagi3
1AbdulSattar Abulbaqi Al-Azzawi, Assistant Professor, Department of Management & Marketing, College of Business Administration, University of Bahrain, Bahrain.
2Dr. Makarand Upadhyay, Associate Professor, Department of Management & Marketing, College of Business Administration, University of Bahrain, Bahrain.
3Dr. Nishi Tyagi, Associate Professor, School of Education, Noida International University, Greater Noida, GB Nagar, UP, India.
Manuscript received on November 11, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 20 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 11158-11165 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D6923118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D6923.118419
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Even though there is a considerable increase in participation and subsistence of women employees in the workforce, the ingress of women into higher managerial positions remains restricted. Numerous studies have confirmed this fact that women in India and around the world face the problem of the glass ceiling and glass cliff. The researcher wants to throw the light on the need of equality which is only seen in policies practices but the fact is females are not taken as healthy competitor of male in professional role due to the social taboo & how these things are affecting their performance, job satisfaction, work-life balances, stress level & their confidence. The purpose of this research is to find about the how much such kind of things creates problems in the life of female & the members related with them and to understanding the effects of gender discrimination on working female & its effects on their job satisfaction. For this purpose, the data has been collected from 800 women employees who are working in different private and government organizations through a semi-structured questionnaire. Results also confirmed that women employees are under stress most of the time and this leads to low self-esteem, low well-being, low organizational commitment and also low job satisfaction among them. Keywords:
Keywords: Glass Ceiling, Glass Cliff, Job Satisfaction, Women Employees, Stress.
Scope of the Article: Self-Organizing Networks and Networked Systems.