Inherent Safety in Offshore Drilling Operations
Siti Rafidah Ab Rashid1, Mohamad Amirul Mohamad Kamal2
1Siti Rafidah Ab Rashid, Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, UiTM Shah Alam, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
2Mohamad Amirul Bin Mohamad Kamal, Department of Oil and Gas Engineering, UiTM Shah Alam, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.

Manuscript received on November 20, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 28, 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 November, 2019. | PP: 6819-6824 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: D5198118419/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.D5198.118419

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Abstract: Inherent safety (IS) is a proactive approach for safety management during process plant design and operation. It has been proven that, considering the lifetime costs of a process and its operation, an inherently safer approach is an environmentally friendly and cost-optimal option. IS can be incorporated at any stage of design and operation. However, application of IS is highly effective at the early design stage. In this work, incorporation of IS in designing offshore oil and gas (O&G) drilling operations is successfully done to achieve risk reduction. Some of offshore hazards/concerns including highly flammable substances, possible harsh weather conditions, toxic gas i.e. hydrogen sulphide and congested platforms and rigs layout are challenging to overcome especially during emergency responses. Based on this knowledge, we intend to exploit the versatility of the principles of IS for the purpose of achieving risk reduction in relation to offshore O&G drilling operations. As for hazard identification, HAZID is chosen while relevant IS principles – “substitution”, “moderation” and “simplification” are recommended for risk reduction efforts.
Keywords: Drilling Operations, Inherent Safety, HAZID, Safety Management.
Scope of the Article:  Network Operations & Management.