Targeting and Design Procedure for Water-using Networks with Single Contaminant
Mai Mohamed Refaat1, Said Ali2, Mustafa Awad3
1Mai Mohamed Refaat*, Chemical Engineering and petroleum refining department, Suez University, Suez, Egypt.
2Said Ali, Chemical Engineering and Petroleum Refining department, Suez University, Suez, Egypt.
3Mustafa Awad, Chemical Engineering and Petroleum Refining department, Suez University, Suez, Egypt.

Manuscript received on November 15, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on November 23, 2019. | Manuscript published on November 30, 2019. | PP: 1066-1069 | Volume-8 Issue-4, November 2019. | Retrieval Number: C6648098319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C6648.118419

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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: Minimizing of wastewater has become a focus of research as the reduction of wastewater discharge and water conservation has great importance. Wastewater discharge and fresh water consumption can significantly be reduced by Integration of the water system. The integration is done by reuse, regeneration reuse/recycling of waste wastewater appropriately. This work shows the development of a systematic technique which target freshwater consumption and wastewater discharge to achieve the maximum water recovery for systems involving a single contaminant. A generic linear programming model has been used based on water network superstructure to generate the maximum water recovery targets and design minimum water network .It has been used in this work water path analysis and improved source shift algorithm to evolve a preliminary water network to reduce number of interconnections by incurring a penalty on both wastewater and freshwater flow rates. This method has been tested for one problem reported in the literature. It is cleared from the illustrated problems that the proposed procedure needs much less computation compared with methods taken from other literatures.
Keywords: Water Minimization, Mathematical Modeling, Maximum Water Recover, Optimization, Single Contaminant.
Scope of the Article: Design Optimization of Structures.