Correlation of The Concepts of “Terrorism”, “Terrorist Act”, and “Act of Terrorism” in Obligations in The Law of Tort
Maria Aleksandrovna Volkova1, Mikhail Mikhailovich Turkin2, Georgij Nikolaevich Kuleshov3, Eduard Victorovich Bogmatsera4
1Maria Aleksandrovna Volkova, Russian State Social University (RSSU), Moscow, Russian Federation.
2Mikhail Mikhailovich Turkin, Russian State Social University (RSSU), Moscow, Russian Federation.
3Georgij Nikolaevich Kuleshov, Russian State Social University (RSSU), Moscow, Russian Federation.
4Eduard Victorovich Bogmatsera, Russian State Social University (RSSU), Moscow, Russian Federation.
Manuscript received on 08 August 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 16 August 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 7166-7170 | Volume-8 Issue-3 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: C6132098319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C6132.098319
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The article provides a comparative analysis of the terms “terrorism” and “terrorist act”. In order to bring the harm-doers to civil liability, the authors suggest introducing a broader concept of an “act of terrorism”. The current legislation provides for various types of liability for harm caused to victims of terrorism. However, civil liability offers a clear list of specific subjects of such liability. For victims to successfully exercise their right to compensation for harm, the authors suggest consistent use of the concepts of “damage”, “loss”, and “harm”. In the research, the authors have answered the following basic question: when and on what grounds the person causing harm to the victims may be held liable for harm caused by a terrorist act. Another question answered was as follows: the existence of what conditions gives rise to such liability.
Keywords: Terrorism, Terrorist Act, Signs of a Terrorist Act, Civil Liability for Damage Caused by a Terrorist act.
Scope of the Article: Structural Reliability Analysis