Development of the Descriptive Writing Learning Model using the Audio Visual Media
Novelti1, Muhammad Kristiawan2, Erpidawati3

1Novelti, Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Barat.
2Muhammad Kristiawan, Universitas Bengkulu.
3Erpidawati, Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Barat.

Manuscript received on 1 August 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 7 August 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 3488-3497 | Volume-8 Issue-3 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: C5248098319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C5248.098319
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: This development research aims to develop a learning model that has been used by teachers to become a new learning model that is able to create a learning process that is fun, no burden, and not boring. The research procedure follows the 4-D development phase (four D) Thiagarajan namely: (1) defining; (2) design; (3) development; (4) distribution. The product trial was carried out on two high school and city school category categories (high level) established Padangpanjang SMPN 1 and low-level and peripheral group schools (low level) determined by Padangpanjang SMPN 3. The instruments used were interviews, observations, questionnaires, questionnaires, and tests. Development of descriptive writing learning models using audio visual media produces the main syntax of the side, namely: (1) orientation, (2) observing audio-visual media, (3) descriptive writing, (4) presenting descriptive content reports, and (5) reflecting the process learning that has been done. Learning tools developed consisted of 1) Learning Implementation Plans (RPP), 2) descriptive writing learning models, and 3) audio-visual media. The quality of learning devices is tested from three aspects, namely: validity, practicality, and effectiveness. The validity of the learning model is based on the results of the descriptive writing test of the students.
Index Terms: Model of Learning, Descriptive Writing, Audio Visual Media

Scope of the Article:
Recent Trends & Developments in Computer Networks