Bioconcentration of Aluminium and Copper in Giant Freshwater Prawns (Macrobrachium Rosenbergii) From Several Rivers in Kuantan, Pahang Malaysia
Wan Marlin Rohalin1, Nadzifah Yaakub2, Mohd Khairul Amri Kamarudin3, Fazleen Abdul Fatah4, Nor Shahirul Umirah Idris5
1Wan Marlin Rohalin, School of Animal Science, Faculty of Bioresources and Food Industry, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin,22200 Besut, Terengganu, Malaysia.
2Nadzifah Yaakub, School of Animal Science, Faculty of Bioresources and Food Industry, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin,22200 Besut, Terengganu, Malaysia.
3Mohd Khairul Amri Kamarudin, Faculty of Applied Social Science (FSSG), and East Coast Environmental Research Institute (ESERI), Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Gong Badak Campus,21300Terengganu, Malaysia.
4Fazleen Abdul Fatah, Faculty of Plantation and Agrotechnology, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Melaka Kampus Jasin, 77300 Merlimau, Melaka, Malaysia.
5Nor Shahirul Umirah Idris, Faculty of Earth Science, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Jeli, 17600 Jeli, Kelantan.
Manuscript received on 12 August 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 17 August 2019. | Manuscript published on 30 September 2019. | PP: 5483-5487 | Volume-8 Issue-3 September 2019 | Retrieval Number: C5019098319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.C5019.098319
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Mining activities at the upstream of the Kuantan River basin can be resulted to adverse impacts for both human and aquatic lives. The heavy metal contamination of aquatic environment has gained the public attention. In fact, in recent decades, urban activities and industrial waste have led to an increase in contamination of heavy metals in the water bodies which may have direct effect on aquatic ecosystem. Therefore, this study aims to determine the level of Aluminium (Al) and Copper (Cu) in the muscle and gills of giant freshwater prawns (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) collected from five selected rivers in Kuantan, Pahang. Field sampling was conducted between September and December 2017. The giant freshwater prawns were digested and then analysed with inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The obtained results revealed that, Al levels in muscle of M.rosenbergii among all rivers occurred in the rank order: Pandan river>Riau river> Pinang river> Kuantan>Balok river, while in gills: Pandan river>Kuantan river>Balok river>Pinang river>Riau river. The concentration of Cu in muscle were in order of: Pandan river>Pinang river> Riau river> Balok river > Kuantan river, whereas Cu in gills were: Pandan river>Balok river>Kuantan river>Pinang river > Riau river. The highest content level of Al and Cu in both prawn’s muscle (14.03 ± 3.55 and 12.28 ± 3.87) mg/kg and gills (7.06 ± 2.53 and 12.28 ± 3.87) mg/kg were caught from Pandan River. In risk and safety assessment, the metal concentrations in the edible muscle of prawn were found to be below the established limits by WHO (1982), MFA (1983, US FDA (2001), and JECFA (2000). This study suggests that the prawns caught from Kuantan river are safe for human consumption.
Keywords: Heavy Metals, Aluminium, Copper, Macrobrachium Rosenbergii.
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences